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Full text of "The making of the West Indies. The Gordons as colonists"

The Making 
. of the . 
West Indies 



THE GORDONS 
AS COLONISTS 



BY J. M. BULLOCH 






BUCKIE : 
Privately printed by W. F. Johnston & Sons 



National Librae of Scotland 
*B000248139* 



The Making of the West Indies 

The Gordons as Colonists 



[BY J. M. BULLOCH.] 



Perhaps the most important fact of our Domi- 
nions beyond the Seas at this moment is the good 
fortune of which is to come to the West Indies 
through the opening of the Panama Canal. Most 
of us to-day are inclined to regard the West Indies 
as the Cinderella of Empire. They certainly struck 
Mr Chamberlain very forcibly in that light, and 
had as much as anything to do with his conversion 
on the fiscal question. But • time was when they 
were rare money-makers, especially to Scotsmen, 
who played a notable part in their development. 
Many a laird of to-day can trace the possession of 
his acres to the West Indies, and Glasgow has a 
special cause to be grateful. 

The West Indies, forming an archipelago stretch- 
ing from Florida to the north coast of Venezuela, 
include 40 inhabited islands, with a total area of 
100,000 square miles, or a fifth less than the United 
Kingdom. The islands vary in size from less than 
two miles square to 44,000, which is the size of 
Cuba. Great Britain owns nearly 13,000 square 
miles of them, with a population of 1,400,000, and 
many a north country soldier laid down his life 
to help us to get possession of them. 

Many causes went to check the prosperity which 
once was theirs. That, however, belongs to the 
thorny subject of political economy. Of far greater 
interest to us is the personal note — who were the 
men who helped to develop our holdings there? 
In the absence of any regular attempt to tell this 
story completely, I have tried to find out how the 
Gordons had the guidin' o't. 

The task is not easy, for, as in the case of 
Jamaica, many of the ©Id records have been 
destroyed. But as if in anticipation of the 

3 



renaisance of the West Indies, historians have had 
a great quarry of material placed at their disposal 
in the opening to the public of the Slave Com- 
pensation papers. On August 28, 1833, an Act 
(3 and 4 William IV., C 73) was passed for the 
abolition of slavery throughout the British colonies 
and for the promotion of industry among the 
manumitted slaves, and for compensation to the 
persons hitherto entitled to the services of such 
slaves by the grant from Parliament of £20,000,000. 
Thus, slavery terminated in the British possessions, 
770,280 slaves being freed by August 1, 1834, while 
four years later slavery was abolished in the East 
Indies. In assessing the slave owners' claims, a 
vast amount of interesting material was got by the 
Compensation Commissioners. This material, forming 
part of the Treasury Papers, was deposited in the 
Public Record Office, London, on June 23, 1892, 
but was made available for the public (by a 
Treasury letter) only so recently as March 17, 1913. 
The papers fill no fewer than 184-7 volumes, and 
are catalogued by the general designation 
"T.[reasury] 71." They consist of several classes, 
of which these are the most important : — 

Registers of Slaves (665 volumes) — T.71, 1-665. 

Valuers' Original Returns— T.71, 666-833. 

Claims and Certificates— T.71, 852-1089. 

Counter Claims— T.71, 1090-1502. 

Indexes— T.71, 1503-1531. 

Small Registers— T.71, 1533-1595. 

Great Registers— T.71, 1596-1607. 

I need scarcely say it has not been possible for 
me to go over all these documents, but I have 
taken out all the Gordons from the Registers, and 
students who wish to follow this up can easily do 
so, because I have given the number of the claim, 
which runs through all the different classes of 
inquiry into it. I have supplemented these facts 
from other sources, so that we get a fair idea of 
who was who in the West Indies, so far as the 
great house of Gordon was connected. I arrange 
the lists alphabetically in colonies. 

ANTIGUA. 

Discovered by Columbus in 1493, this island 
occupies 108 square miles, or just one-sixth of 
Banffshire, which is 641. It was settled by the 
British in 1632, and became a crown colony in 
1898. It is now the seat of government of the 
Leeward Islands. It is the only one of the West 

4 



Indies to have had its history thoroughly cleared 
up, for De Vere Langford Oliver has written an 
account of it running into three folios of 1379 
pages (1894-9). 

Adam Gordon witnessed the will, dated April 19, 
1808, of George Powell, Antigua. Am Adam was 
a merchant in Antigua on November 23, 1819 
(Oliver's "Antigua," i., 33, 354). 

Alexander Gordon, 57 Old Broad Street, London, 
together with Samuel Martin and William Man- 
ning, got under trust, August, 1829, the planta- 
tions of James Nibbs, Antigua (Oliver's "Antigua," 
ii., 297). 

Charles Gordon of Custom House, Parham. He 
had a son, 

Charles Campbell Gordon, who got from his 
grandmother, Mary Hunt of Parham Town (will, 
Dec. 23, 1808) three negroes and £1250 (Oliver's 
"Antigua," i., 352). As agent for Susanna Gordon, 
he made a return of her slaves, eight in number, 
on Sept. 20, 1817 ; and as agent for Margaret 
Gibbs, he made a return on the same date for one 
slave, "Jenny," aged 50 (P.R.O., T.71, 1531, pp. 
21, 24). 

Daniel H. O. Gordon got £104 Is 8d compensa- 
tion for eight slaves (Oliver's "Antigua," i., 313). 
He was executor for Susannah Gordon (q.v.). 

George Gordon, major in the 8th West India 
Regiment, died at Antiqua, after a few days' ill- 
ness, in his 23rd year, on Oct. 28, 1809. 

Henry Gordon, surgeon at Dr Buckshorn's, was 
buried Nov. 23, 1743 (Oliver's "Antigua," ii., 27). 

James Gordon, laird of Knockespock (died 1768), 
owned several estates in the West Indies, to which 
he went out as a young man. He was the son of 
George Gordon (one of the Gordons of Auchlyne, 
cadets of the Terpersie Gordons), who bought 
Knockespock from John Gordon, the famous Jaco- 
bite laird of Glenbucket, about 1708; and who 
founded the third group of Gordons in possession 
of Knockespock. George Gordon was succeeded in 
Knockespock by his son James, the West Indian 
nabob, and the latter was succeeded in turn by 
the descendants of his sister Margaret, who married 
a Brebner, then by the descendants of his sister 
Barbara, who married a Grant, and, thirdly, again, 
by the descendants of his elder sister, the Brebner- 
Gordons, who are now known as Fellowes Gordon — 
a peculiarly complicated story of succession. For 
our present purpose, it is enough to deal with the 
Antiguan estates of the family. JameB of Knockes- 



pock may be the James Gordon who was nominated 
to the Colonial Council in 174-3 (Acts of the Privy 
Council, England's Colonial Series). The estates 
were : — 

Lavingtons : 185 acres, of which 155 were culti- 
vated (Oliver's "Antigua," ii., 27). I do not know 
when this estate was bought by the Knockespock 
Gordons, but in 1836 it was in the possession of 
James Adam Gordon (1791-1854), who was the 
great grand-nephew of the aforesaid James, being 
the great grandson of the latter's sister, Margaret, 
who married James Brebner, Towie, and had a 
son, James Berbner (1723-1807), who became a 
judge in Grenada, and took the name of Gordon. 
There were 152 slaves in the estate of Lavingtons 
in 1836. Counter claims were entered by Sir 
William Abdy, bart. ; Sir Thomas Fellowes, the 
Rev. George Caldwell, Cheltenham ; and James 
Adam Gordon, of Naish House, Portbury, Somerset, 
as owner in fee. The claimant withdrew the claim 
in favour of himself and the other claimants, and 
the counter claimants were awarded £2289 14s 8d. 

Martin's estate. — This property was leased in 
1738 by James Gordon (apparently the great grand 
uncle of James Adam Gordon), and was purchased 
by him in 1767 from Valentine Morris. In 1799, 
it was held on trust for James Brebner Gordon. 
It contained 126 acres (Oliver's "Antigua," i., 379). 

Gales estate. — This property, of 300 acres, was 
in the possession of R. Rigby in 1746, but had been 
acquired by James Gordon of Knockespock, who 
devised it in 1766 in trust for his nephew, Captain 
F. Grant Gordon, whose son, Col., afterwards 
General Sir, J. Willoughby Gordon, owned it in 
1806 (Ibid., i., 384). 

Monk's Hill.— 172 acres, all pasture (Ibid., ii., 27). 

Osborne. — 217 acres, all pasture (Ibid., ii., 27). 

Sandersons. — 311 acres, of which about 230 were 
cultivated. It contained 314- slaves in 1836. There 
were the same counter claims as in the case of 
Lavingtons, and the counter claimants got £4627 
lis lid (P.R.O., T.71, 1558, claim 342). 

Jane Eliza Gordon married on Dec. 11, 1817, 
Captain Wright Knox. She was the "daughter of 
the late G. G. Gordon, Antigua, and niece of the 
late Sir Willoughby Aston, bart." ("Gentleman's 
Magazine," vol. 87, part ii., p. 628). As a matter 
of fact she was the daughter of Captain Francis 
Grant Gordon (died 1803) and sister of Sir J. 
Willoughby Gordon of the Knockespock family. 

6 



Mary Grant Gordon got £412 for 24 slaves, 
January 16, 1837; claim 1051 (Oliver's "Antigua," 
L, 318). 

Mary Jane Norman Gordon, St John, married, 
April 11, 1865, Oheeseman Moe Braithwait (Ibid., 
i., 383). 

Nathaniel Gordon married, Dec. 7, 1701, Mary 
Albert, widow, of St John's parish (Ibid., ii., 27). 

S. Gordon, St John, as executor for S. Gordon, 
got £98 5s 2d for 10 slaves, Nov. 23, 1835 (P.R.O., 
T.71, 1558, claim 821). 

Sarah Gordon. Thomas Kippin, executor for 
Sarah Gordon, and attorney for Sarah Gordon, 
Susan Gordon, Elizabeth Gibson, deceased, and 
Margaret Gibbs, joint owners in fee, St John, 
claimed for two slaves (P.R.O., T.71, 1558, claim 
823). Kippin, as executor of Sarah Gordon (who 
was executrix of Elizabeth Gibson) got £56 16s 8d 
for six slaves, 1836 (P.R.O., T.71, 1558, claim 824). 

Sarah Ann Gordon was the daughter of William 
Lynch, planter, Antigua, whose will, dated Aug. 8, 
1775, was proved, Jany. 23, 1788. She married 

■ Gordon, and had three children, William, 

Charles, and Elizabeth, all beneficiaries under 
Lynch's will (Oliver's "Antigua," ii., 205). 

Susannah Gordon, St John, owner in fee, claim- 
ing through Thomas Kippin, got £104 for eight 
slaves, Nov. 23, 1835. There was a request for an 
amended award in favour of Daniel H. O. Gordon, 
executor of the estate of Susannah Gordon, de- 
ceased. At this time Daniel H. O. Gordon was 
21 years of age, and the amended award was made 
to him (P.R.O., T.71, 1558, claim 826). 

Captain William Gordon, with one male slave, 
appears in a census of the island in 1753 (Oliver's 
"Antigua," i., p. cxii.). 

Dr William Gordon, with one male slave, was 
also in the census of 1753 (Ibid.). He is probably 
the William Gordon, siirgeon, who married Mary 
Lillie, St John's Parish, Feb. 14, 1754, and had 
William, baptised Feb. 19, 1755, and George, bap- 
tised Nov. 28, 1756 (Oliver's "Antigua," ii., 27). 

William Gordon, "merchant, many years resident 
in this island, who died July 27, 1847, aged 37 
years," is commemorated by a marble scroll erected 
"by a few friends," on the west side of St John's 
Cathedral (Oliver's "Antigua," ii., 28). 

BAHAMAS. 
The Bahamas include 670 islands and islets, caller 
cays [CAYS] or keys, embracing 5450 square miles 

7 



and having a population of 60,000. No Gordons 
owned slaves there. But, indeed, I have found 
only one Gordon at all, namely, 

Eev. William Gordon, a Scotsman, who was a 
missionary there, sent out by the Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel. His chief station 
Exuma, 1789-95 : then Harbour Island and Elen- 
thera, 1795-99, when he resigned ("S.P.G. Records," 
5th ed., p. 884). 

BARBADOS. 

Barbados, which is 166 square miles, je one of he 
West Indian islands where the Gordons went — 
sparingly ; for only one family craved compensation 
from the Slave Commissioners in 1836. This is 
probably due to the fact that the island had been 
used as a penal settlement for the Jacobite 
prisoners, so that the word "Barbadosed" came to 
be a euphemism for banishment. In Southey's 
"West Indies" (ii. 211) it is stated that in 1716, 
"one hundred of the prisoners taken at Preston in 
Lanrashire, who had been confined in the Savoy, 
were shipped off to the West Indies." Mr Gra- 
ham Cruickshank, of the Audit Office, British 
Guiana, suggests in "Notes and Quesies" (July 27, 
1907) that Barbados, " a favourite isle of banish- 
ment," probably got its share though he has been 
unable to trace the arrival of any such prisoners. 
It is much more certain that the prisoners of 1745 
were sent there. Thus, Jesse in his "Memoirs of 
the Jacobites" states (p. 275) that a large number 
of prisoners were shipped there. Mr Cruickshank 
has a copy of an "Indenture," signed by 127 Jaco- 
bite prisoners, who were apparently sent to Bar- 
bados in the ship "Frere" in 1746. The list 
includes 20 Macdonalds, 19 Mackenzies, and 16 
Grants; 112 of the prisoners sign by "mark." 

Curiously enough, one of the Gordons who we 
know definitely was in Barbados was a typical Gor- 
don in the art of getting into trouble, although he 
actually wore the cloth ; while another who came 
to loggerheads with authority was a public official 
holding the post of Provost Marshal. 

George Gordon was appointed Provost Marshal, 
May 21, 1707 ("Harleian" MSS., British Museum, 
2262 p. 29). He was soon in trouble under the 
following circumstances. By two Acts, passed in 
the General Assembly of Barbados, in 1707 and 
1708, the Committees and Commissioners of As- 
sembly were empowered to appoint their own 
marshals, and the judges of the Court of Common 



pleas had also taken on them to do the same, re- 
fusing to admit the deputies nominated by Gordon. 
So Gordon petitioned against this curtailment of 
his rights. On February 18, 1710, the Board of 
Trade, which Gordon had petitioned (June 9, 
1709), reported that the Governor had been directed 
to move the Assembly to pass an Act for settling 
a salary or reasonable fee on the several judges, 
and for restoring to the clerks and marshals the 
fees mentioned in the Acts ("Acts of the Privy 
Council of England": Colonial). 
Robert Gordon, Barbados and St Nevis, married 

Jessie Anne , who died May 8, 1913 ("Times"). 

Their eldest son was 

Robert Gordon, who married, 27 Sept., 1905, 

in the Church of St Andrew, Framingham Earl, 

Constance Jane Alston, eldest daughter of the 

late Edward Graham Alston, Queens Advocate, 

Sierra Leone ("Times"). 

Robert Charles Gordon and his son (also Robert 

Charles) claimed in 1836 through Jacob Rogers, 

parish of St Michael, their attorney, for three 

slaves (P.R.O., T.71, 1005, claim 1487). 

Captain Simon Gordon deponed on July 25, 1660, 
that he and "several other free Englishmen" had 
emigrated by the "William and John" in 1821 for 
Barbados ("Cavaliers and Roundheads in Barba- 
dos," p. 27). He is apparently the Simon who is 
commemorated by an epitaph in St Stephen's 
parish, Herts. (Cusans' "Hertfordshire," ii., 284-5) : 
"Here lyes the body of Captain Simon Gordan of 
Bornhill in Harfordshire, who died the 18 day of 
October, 1669, aged 68 years, and was married to 
Sarah Hoste 18 years, 3 qvarters : by whom he had 
issve 2 sons and 3 davghters. Of honest birth, of 
marchant fame, a man of worthy fame, a captain 
of St Christophers, Simon Gordan by name. From 
burning sone to frosen sone, his youthful years he 
spent. The wonders of the Lord he saw to his 
soul's great content. Religious was his life to 
God; to men his dealing just. The poore and 
strangers they can tel that wealth was not his 
trust. His soul to God he did commend, his body 
to the dust, wheare he sings continual prais in 
glory with the just." His daughter Martha (died 
Nov. 30, 1736, aged 81) married Edward Shippery 
(died March 2, 1724), apothecary, London. 

Thomas Gordon was an executor under the will 
of Claudius Hamilton, and is mentioned in a peti- 
tion of May 31, 1741 ("Acts of the Privy Council 
of England: Colonial"). 

9 



Rev. William Gordon was a fine fighter : his oppo- 
nents went the length of calling him a rascal. I 
do not know his origin; for though he wrote a sort 
of autobiography as a preface to a thanksgiving 
sermon, which caused a world of worry, he is 
vague. "I am," he says (p. xxiv.) "the son of a 
worthy gentleman, of a very ancient family : I 
have the education of a gentleman." He then 
goes on to tell his story thus (p. xxix) : — "In May, 
1699, being just then come from Oxford, I was by 
the Rev. Dr Forbes recommended to the Bishop of 
London, but for want of age, and no other quali- 
fication, I was not admitted into holy orders. 
However, his lordship sent me with a licence under 
his episcopal seal to teach a Latin school in the 
quality of King's Chaplain to the West Indies. 
As such, he commended me first to the Treasury, 
where I received His Majesty's bounty money to 
defray the charges of my voyage, and as such he 
recommended me to the Governor of Barbadoes." 
Now, whether he was at Oxford I cannot say. He 
is not in Foster's list of alumni. But he certainly 
got a post there, for in a list of sixteen letters 
from the Bishop of London to the Lords of Council 
soliciting the usual bounty of £20 for chaplains 
going abroad occurs the name of Mr William 
Gordon, schoolmaster to the Barbados, May 27, 
1699 ("Treasury Papers," vol. 64, No. 59); William 
Gordon, clerk, Barbados, May 3, 1699 (Gerald 
Fothergill's "List of Emigrant Ministers to America, 
1690-1811," p. 30) ; also January 10, 1700-1711 (ibid., 
p. 30). Continuing his narrative, Gordon says 
(p. xxx.) that he arrived in Barbados in "July or 
August," 1699, "and for six or seven weeks, and 
no longer, I lodged with a fellow passenger of 
mine, one Mr Curtis, eat [ate] as he did, and slept 
in the same chamber, having intended to embrace 
an offer he made me of my accommodation and 
a house to teach school in, in consideration of 
instructing him and his brother in the Latin 
tongue, provided nothing better offered. But his 
Excellency, the then governor, and the Rev. Mr 
Cryer, having advised me to join schools with the 
Rev. Mr Callow, Rector of St Philips, I did so, 
and we equally divided the profits, without being 
any more his usher than he was mine, for about 
two months, and then returned to Oxford, and at 
the Christmas term following was ordained pub- 
lickly at St Paul's, after being examined by the 
Bishop of London, Bishop Beveridge, Dr Stanley, 
Dr Ishan, Dr Altham, and Mr Melling, as by 

10 



their certificate of approbation, endorsed upon my 
diploma for my master of Arts degree, and ready 
to be produced . . . will appear. [One cannot 
verify this, because, as Dean Inge tells me, the 
records at the Cathedral do not go so far back.] 
In April following I was sent by the Bishop of 
London to have the first vacancy in this island 
[Barbados], who was pleased in his letter to the 
then governor to say as follows: — 'I cannot let 
this ingenious young gentleman return without 
recommending him to the first vacancy, etc' " 

Gordon was first Rector of St James's, where he 
delivered a funeral sermon on his friend Codring- 
ton, the governor, who died in that year at the 
age of 42, leaving his Barbados estates to found 
Codrington College there, while he also left £30,000 
to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 
and benefited All Souls' College, Oxford. The 
sermon, which is in the British Museum, is en- 
titled :— 

"A sermon preach'd at the funeral of the Honour- 
able Colonel Christopher Codrington, late Captain, 
General, and Governor-in-Cbief of His Majesty's 
Carribbee Islands, who departed this life at his 
seat in Barbados on Good Friday, the 7th of April, 
1710, and was interr'd the day following in the 
Parish Church of St Michael." By William Gordon, 
M.A., Rector of St James's-in-Barbados. London : 
printed for G. Strahan at the Golden Ball over 
against the Royal Exchange in Cornhill, MDCCX., 
4to, pp. 24. The sermon is dedicated to the 
President, Vice Presidents, and members of the 
S.P.G., Gordon giving us a little autobiographic 
touch : — 

"I had the honour of enjoying a large share of 
his favours and of being the happy companion of 
his studies and retirements for the two last years 
of his life. I am, upon good grounds, perswaded 
that, had he been sooner apprehensive of his death, 
he had done yet greater things for the advance- 
ment of learning and piety." The sermon, which 
was preached from the text, "We know that when 
He shall appear, we shall be like Him, for we 
shall see Him as He is" (1st John, iii., 2), is typical 
of the rotund rhetoric of the period, as this extract 
proves : — 

Codrington, we are told, "was particularly careful 
to form his style upon the great models of anti- 
quity. Some of them he equalled; some of them 
he excelled. His style was fluent, but not turgid; 
florid, yet natural and unaffected; elegant, but 
11 



not over wrought or forced. In his studied and 
elaborate composures there was an inimitable 
beauty and efficacy, whereby he would at once 
charm the affections, move passions, and convince 
the understanding, with such surprizing turns, 
such impetuous force, such solid reasons, that he 
spoke nothing but Life and breathed a Soul into 
the dullest argument he treated of. And yet his 
care of his style did not at all cramp the exactness 
of his most refin'd and abstracted enquiries, for 
every thought was plac'd in the most advantagous 
light as well as dress'd in the gayest manner, and 
every period was just and had a natural cadence. 
In the same discourse he would display the orator 
and the philosopher to so great perfection that it 
was hard to determine in which he most excelled." 
Gordon fell out with the Assembly, which in an 
address of June 28, 1715, describes him as "a person 
of scandalous and infamous life." In July, 1716, 
the Bishop of London without, says Gordon "my 
privity or application, was pleased to send me a 
commission to be his commissary of Barbadoes." 
He at once went to the Governor, Robert Lowther, 
asking for the latter's allowance. Lowther did not 
think this permitted by his instructions, and asked 
Gordon to produce further evidence from the 
Bishop. Notwithstanding this, his Excellency, 
through his Deputy Secretary, Mr Lenoir, requested 
Gordon to preach a thanksgiving sermon for the 
"happy suppression of the late unnatural rebellion," 
which Gordon duly did, on August 18, from the 
132nd psalm (verse 18). But the effect only served 
to widen the breach between the Governor and 
the parson. So Gordon took occasion to wait on 
His Excellency with his notes, and "humbly prayed 
His Excellency to point out what passages he 
thought liable to exception. First he told me that 
I was mistaken in matters of fact, particularly in 
saying that the Church of England stemm'd Popery 
in King James's time, for it was not the Church 
but the Nobility and Gentry. To that objection 
I took the liberty of answering that I conceived 
the Nobility and Gentry to be the Church of 
England. The second objection was my having 
reflected on His Majesty's best subjects and calling 
them 'fanatics' ; repeating, I called them his best 
subjects, for 'tis notorious they are so. To this 
I answered that I hoped the church were as good 
subjects, and that I neither meant nor intended 
any more by the name 'fanatics' than a genus to 
comprehend the several species of Dissenters. The 

12 



third and last exception was my having charged 
the Dissenters with the late rebellion. I told him 
that, on the contrary, I had laid it on men of 
different principles, and pressed him to read my 
notes, which he refused to do, and seemed, as I 
apprehended, fairly well satisfied." 

Gordon set up an ecclesiastical court, which 
sat on Oct. 25, 1716. His action seems justified 
in view of the fact that the Bishop of London 
sent a letter, dated Feb. 14, 1717, in support of 
Gordon's authority. Lowther was furious. In a 
letter, of April 26, he answered that he would not 
admit Gordon's commission till he had seen some 
authority from the King as granting it. He also 
represented Gordon a very unproper person, giving 
the following description of him : — "You could not 
have pitched on a more insidious, restless, med- 
dling, and ambitious person than Mr Gordon. . . . 
You could not have appointed a worse liver and 
more flagrant incendiary, nor one who hath given 
greater marks of disaffection to our happy estab- 
lishment. Two-thirds of his time he spent in 
gaming, trading, and caballing and mischief-mak- 
ing. He came a contracted servant to this island. 
After he was out of servitude, he got to be an usher, 
then into Holy Orders ; after that to be a parson 
of St. James's Parish, and then to be a parson of 
St. George's, where for many months together he 
neither administered the sacraments, visited the 
sick, preached, prayed, christened, buried, or per- 
formed any pastoral duty whatever. In short, he 
left his flock often and so long, and went so 
frequently from thence to the Leeward Islands, 
that the Antegeonians called him the 'Wandering 
Apostle,' and the French at Martinique, 'La Mar- 
chand Spiritual.' Notwithstanding all which, all 
his profligate patrons (Mr William Sharp and Mr 
William Walker) preferred him to a lenfice of 
£600 a year, which he now enjoys ; but where's 
the wonder, since he had been their tool so long 
and is a man so entirely after their own hearts? 
The sermon he preached on the day of thanks- 
giving, which I appointed to be observed for the 
happy suppression of the last unnatural Rebellion, 
was nothing but a virulent satire against the King's 
best subjects and friends. He had the impudence 
to assert that the Whigs were the promoters and 
contrivers of the late Rebellion, that it was from 
them all our animosities arise, and from them all 
our dangers proceeded." 

Gordon thereupon wrote, on Dec. 12, 1716, the 
13 



little autiobiographic account which I have quoted 
and sent it to the Governor, who declined to read 
it. He defended himself vigorously on all the 
objections raised. The Council unanimously re- 
solved that the evil character assigned to Gordon 
was true, and thanked the Governor for his letter 
and for opposing the attempt to erect a spiritual 
court in the island. An Act was also passed 
depriving Gordon of his living. Gordon came home 
in the beginning of September, 1718, and by way 
of vindicating himself issued his Thanksgiving 
Sermon with a long preface (pp. iii-xliii) : — 

"A sermon preach'd before the Governor, Council, 
and General Assembly of the Island of Barbados 
in the parish church of St. Michael, on Friday, 
the 18th of August, 1716, being the Thanksgiving 
Day appointed by His Excellency, Robert Lowther, 
Esq., for the suppression of the late Unnatural 
Rebellion : by William Gordon, M.A., Rector of 
the Parish of St. Michael : London" [the rest of the 
title page as preserved in the British Museum is 
missing]. In his preface he says : — "I am sensible 
that the following sermon, which is now printed 
to vindicate me from the charge of disaffection 
therein to our present Happy Establishment, 
brought against me by His Excellency, Robert 
Lowther, Esq., His Majesty's Governor of Bar- 
bados, is too incorrect to appear in print. But 
since there was a necessity of publishing it, I have 
done it without the alteration of one single word, 
choosing rather to expose the reputation of my 
understanding than my correcting the least little 
of the sermon to give my enemies a handle to call 
my sincerity in question." 

On Dec. 17, 1718, the Grand Jury of Barbados 
thanked the Goevrnor for opposing the ecclesiasti- 
cal court. The address was printed in the "Post- 
man and Whitehall Evening Post" on May 4, 1719; 
soon after which, there appeared a scandalous libel 
entitled "A Representation of the Miserable State 
of Barbados, under the arbitrary and corrupt 
administration of His Excellency, Robert Lowther, 
Esq., the present Governor." It was proved by 
several affidavits before Lord Chief Justice Pratt 
that Gordon wrote a preface to the pamphlet, and 
procured the whole to be printed in London. On 
Oct. 15 ,1719, the Governor, with the advice of the 
Council, published a "Declaration in answer to the 
libel." Then Gordon brought an action for £10,000 
against Lowther's attorney, Gallatius Maomahon, 
for losses sustained through the publication of the 
14 



"Declaration." Lowther therefore prayed that 
execution be respited on any judgment obtained 
against him by Gordon, on his giving sufficient 
security in England to answer His Majesty's final 
determination. On Oct. 20, 1722, it was reported 
to the Privy Council that the Attorney General 
recommended that the Act of May, 1720, be con- 
firmed, and that repealing it disallowed, but sub- 
mits whether the petition should be granted, as 
that would be in effect to make a new law for this 
particular case. As to Mr Cox's behaviour, the 
Attorney General had had no proofs before him, 
nor had any opportunity to hear the parties con- 
cerned ("Acts of the Privy Council of England : 
Colonial"). 

I cannot say what happened to Gordon — whether 
he went back to Barbados or stayed in England. 
BERBICE. 

Berbice is not one of the West Indies ; it lies 
on the mainland of South America ; but it may 
be included in the present category, for it is 
nearer the West Indies than any other part of our 
Dominions beyond the Seas. It was settled in 
1626 by the Dutch, who surrendered it to the 
British in 1796, 1803, and finally in 1814, so that 
it is celebrating its centenary as a British posses- 
sion. It was united to Demerara and named 
British Guiana (q. v.) in 1831. The first Gordon 
connected with it was Robert Gordon (the maternal 
grandfather of Adam Lindsay Gordon), who was 
governor there. Other Gordons were : — 

Christian Gordon had three female 6laves, two 
born in Africa and one in Berbice, in 1817 (T.71, 
422, p. 158). They were Elsey, 25 years of age; 
Venus, 35; and Mary, nine weeks. Christian Gor- 
don could not write, but made her "mark." 

George Gordon died at Berbice after a few days' 
illness, Nov. 15, 1820. "He was a gentleman of 
the brightest talents and of the most polished wit. 
His society was courted by men from the ease and 
eloquence of his manners and the maturity of his 
judgment. He had been appointed President of 
the Court of Justice at Berbice by the late Gover- 
nor Bentinck, but it was vacated only a few weeks 
before his death by the reappointment of a Mr 
Beard, who had been superseded from the office. 
Mr Gordon has left an amiable widow to mourn 
his loss, in which all who had the honour of his 
friendship will sincerely sympathise" ("Scots Mag.," 
vol. 8, N.S., p. 284, March, 1821; condensed in the 
"Gent.'s Mag.," vol. 91, pt. 1, p. 185). 
15 



Robert Gordon, governor of Berbice. He was a 
younger son of Robert Gordon, of Hallhead, and 
grandfather of Adam Lindsay Gordon, the poet, 
as may be best understood by stating the facts in 
tabular form : — 

Robert Gordon of Hallhead : 

married Lady Henrietta Gordon, 

dau. of 2nd Earl of Aberdeen. 



William Gordon, Robert Gordon, 

Captain, R.E. Governor of Berbice, 

(1764-1803). died 1814. 

Adam Durnford Gordon, = Henrietta Gordon, 
died 1857 | married 1829. 

Adam Lindsay Gordon, 
1833-1870. 

Dr William Gordon, of Berbice, was charged at 
Bow Street in 1813 with a breach of the peace, in 
putting in bodily fear Hugh Ross by sending a 
challenge to him. The "Times" (Aug. 10, p. 3, 
col. 5) says that Gordon called Ross a coward for 
slandering his character, when the doctor was 4000 
miles off ; and that he was "shrunk from his desert" 
under the pretext that he intended to attack him 
[Ross] with a law suit. The letter enclosed a 
placard calling Ross a lying scoundrel and a base 
coward, "to which the doctor signed his name and 
which was threatened to be posed wherever his 
name is known, unless within two years after the 
receipt of it he acted the part of a gentleman. 
The doctor stated that he should deliver the letter 
with his own hand at ^-e residence of Mr Ross. 
The letter contained a variety of other violent 
language and charges against Mr Ross. The de- 
fendant after this sent a note to the prosecutor 
called "Ultimatum," which desired Mr Ross to 
acknowledge in writing that his statement of the 
transaction between them was true, and that what 
he had said of Dr Gordon's character was not 
correct and ask pardon or suffer the most degrading 
insults. Mr Kinnaird, the sitting magistrate, after 
a suitable admonition to Dr Gordon on the heinous 
nature of his offence, ordered him to find bail and 
to keep the peace till next term, himself in £500 
and two sureties in £250" ("Times"). 

William Gordon, of the plantation Maida, on the 
east coast of Berbice, who was dead by Dec. 1, 
1817, held 184 slaves, the return for whom was 
16 



made by John Cameron, curator. Two of them, 
aged 16 and 17, both born in Berbice, bore the 
name of Gordon (P.R.O., T.71, 422, p. 153). 

Sir William Duff Gordon and John Murphy held 
the plantations, Profit, Support, and Relief, on the 
west side of Berbice, with 275 slaves, the return for 
whom was made by Lewis Cameron, Dec. 19, 1817 
(P.R.O., T.71, 422, p. 108). Sir William (1772-1823) 
was the son of Alexander, Lord Rockville, the grand- 
son of the 2nd Earl of Aberdeen, and the first cousin 
of Robert Gordon, the Governor of Berbice. He had 
property in Spain and Mexico and was in partner- 
ship with Murphy, under the title of Gordon, 
Murphy, and Company. 

DEMERARA. 

Demerara, like Berbice, is also in British Guiana. 
There were two Gordons there : — 

Robert Gordon, late of the Hope estate, was 
married at Demerara to Miss Anne Parkinson, 
June 3, 1804 ("Scots Magazine," vol. 66, p. 806). 

T. W. Gordon, of Demerara, was dead by May 
28, 1832, when his second daughter, Julie, married 
at Chealsea, G. A. Starling, M.D., of Bishop Stort- 
ford ("Gentleman's Magazine," vol. 182, part i., p. 
558). 

DOMINICA. 

Dominica, one of the Leeward Islands, lies be- 
tween the French islands of Guadeloupe and Mar- 
tinique. It was discovered on a Sunday (Dominica) 
by Columbus in 1493. Like most of the West Indies 
its ownership is a chequered history. It was taken 
by the British in 1761 ; retaken by the French in 
1781 ; and restored in 1783. It has an area of 305 
square miles. 

Hugh Gordon sailed, 1796-7, from Gravesend to 
Dominica, and got a command in the St. George's 
Light Infantry, at Rouseau. He took part in a 
fight with a French privateer, which carried off a 
large sugar-laden sloop (owned by a captain in the 
regiment). He was in garrison in 1803 during the 
insurroction at Guadeloupe, and in 1804 was sent 
to the Prince Rupert's garrison. In 1805, he took 
part in the defence of Dominica against the French, 
and returned to England the same year. He seems 
to be the Hugh Gordon, "late of Dominica," who 
married at Macduff, Oct. 27, 1807, Catherine, 
daughter of the Rev. Thomas Wilson, minister of 
Gamrie ("Scots Mag.") ; she died at Dee Castle, 
Aug. 10, 1810, after a long illness, aged 22: "her 
sweetness of manner and amiable disposition had 
17 



endeared her to her relatives and gained her the 
esteem of all who knew her" ("Aberdeen Journal'"). 
He seems to be the Hugh Gordon, Esq., "late of 
Dominica," who was the father of the Rev. Geo. 
Gordon (1808-39), minister of Knockando (1833-39). 
Hugh Gordon was apparently the author of 
"Sketches and Revolutions of the West Indies," by 
a Resident: London, Smith, Elder & Co., 1820: 
dedicated to James Laing, Esq. of Streatham Hill, 
London, "late of Dominica." 

Jane Gordon, spinster, Roseau, St. George, got 
£140 10s Id compensation for nine slaves, Nov. 23, 
1855 (P.R.O., T.71, 1562, claim 828). 

Janet Gordon, Roseau, got £19 5s 8d compensa- 
tion for one slave, Nov. 20, 1835 (P.R.O., T.71, 
1562, claim 1020). See also St. Vincent. 

John Gordon and James Matthews, Providence 
estate, St. Patrick, got £2247 13s lOd for 102 slaves 
on their estate ; and £1706 14s 9d for 85 slaves on 
the Bedminster estate, St. Patrick, on Nov. 16, 
1835 (P.R.O., T.71, 1562, claims 768 and 769). 
Gordon and Matthews, as surviving partners of 
Alexander Sutherland, were mortgagees under a 
deed dated Dec. 4, 1821, for £2044 5s 9d with 
interest at 6 per cent, from Jany. 1, 1826, against 
the slaves in possession of Marie Adele Beamish, 
and raised a counter claim on the estate of Henry 
John Glanville and John Henry Newman, Morne 
Estate, St. Martin, Dominica, 1835 (P.R.O., T.71, 
1562, claim 169). 

John Gordon of Roseau, parish of St. George, 
and Charles Alfred Francklyn, Tobago (as assignees 
of Martha Fleming Otley, of the mortgage dated 
March 25, 1750, secured on a moiety of the estate, 
£2400, with interest at 5 per cent, from April 30, 
1824), put in a counter claim to Thomas Coles, 
Hatton Garden estate, St. Andrew's parish, Domi- 
nica, who had 225 slaves (P.R.O., T.71, 1562, claim 
144). 

Lucinda Gordon, Roseau, got £38 lis 5d com- 
pensation for two slaves, Nov. 30, 1835 (P.R.O., 
T.71, 1562, claim 926). 

W. Gordon, "Esq., of Dominica," had a daughter, 
Elizabeth Sophia, who married, Dec. 5, 1827, at 
Chelsea, James Rae, R.N. ; Gordon was dead at 
the time ("Gentleman's Magazine," vol. 97, part ii., 
p. 556). 

William Gordon, of Banff and Dominica, died 
before July 16, 1854, on which date his widow, 
Mary, died at Walton House, Eastway, Kent, aged 
18 



90 ("Gentleman's Magazine," New Series, vol. 42, 
p. 314). 

GRENADA. 

Grenada, the southmost of the Caribbees, con- 
tains 133 square miles. Discovered by Columbus 
in 1498, it was settled by the French in 1650 ; taken 
by the British in 1762; retaken by the French in 
1779; and given up to us by them in 1783. It is 
the headquarters of the Windward Government. 
Few Gordons seem to have been connected with it. 

Harry Gordon, Observator plantation, parish of 
St. Patrick, got £4498 Is 9d compensation for 167 
slaves, Nov. 16, 1835 (P.R.O., T.71, 1561, claim 703). 
This may be Harry Gordon of Knockespock (1761- 
1836), who was an officer in the army, and was 
taken prisoner at Seringapatam. His father, Col. 
Harry Gordon, R.E., of Knockespock (died 1787) 
spent his last years in Grenada, though he died at 
Eastbourne. 

Peter Gordon, brother of Colonel Harry Gordon, 
R.E., of Knockespock, was killed in a duel fought 
in Grenada, 1768, with a Mr Proudfoot, member 
of the House of Assembly. He was successively an 
officer in the 54th, 51st, 101st, 63rd, and 70th Foot. 

Peter Gordon, son of Colonel Harry Gordon, 
R.E., of Knockespock, was drowned in Grenada, 
Oct. 1787. He had gone there in 1778. 

BRITISH GUIANA. 

Formerly Berbice (q. v.) and Demerara (q. v.), 
which now form two of its three counties. It 
covers 90,277 square miles. 

Anne Gordon, owner in fee of Cumingsburgh 
parish of St. George, got £342 17s 2d compensation 
for seven slaves (P.R.O., T.71, 1567, claims 1076 
and 1984). 

Cleone Gordon, owner in fee, George Town, got 
£122 17s compensation for three slaves, Dec' I4 
1835 (P.R.O., T.71, 1567, claim 1466). 

J. Gordon was joint proprietor of the Devonshire 
Castle estate. On Nov. 1, 1872, Edward Jenkins 
writing from the Temple, related a revolt on the 
estates of Devonshire Castle, Hampton Court, and 
Anne Regina, in which five negroes were shot and 
six wounded. On Sept. 27, 1872, the manager of 
Devonshire Castle had a man arrested for dis- 
orderly conduct in the buildings. The other coolies 
thereon threatened his wife ("Times," Nov. 1, 1872 
p. 6). On Nov. 2, Gordon wrote from London in 
reply to Jenkins' letter ("Times," p. 5). Jenkins 
19 



replied, Nov. 4 (p. 10), and Gordon wrote once 
again, Nov. 6 (p. 10). 

James Gordon, owner in fee, of the Mahaicony 
plantation, Zealand, got £329 14s 5d compensation 
for six slaves, Nov. 30, 1835 (P.R.O., T.71, 1566, 
claim 611). 

James Gordon, Mahaicony Ferry, got £895 5s 9d 
compensation for 18 slaves, Dec. 7, 1835 (P.R.O., 
T.71, 1566, claim 807). 

John Gordon, owner, parish of St. George, got 
£70 19s 9d compensation for two slaves, Dec. 14, 
1835 (P.R.O., T.71, 1567, claim 1332). 

S. W. Gordon. Charles Bean, as attorney for 
J. F. Pinney, and C. Pinney, as irrevocable attor- 
nies of S. W. Gordon, claimed for 54 slaves on 
Plantation Mocha (P.R.O., T.71, 1556, claim 633). 
S. W. Gordon, owner in fee, parish of St. Matthew, 
had six slaves. A counter claim for a mortgage 
and judgment of £6000 was entered by John 
Frederick Pinney and Somerset Earle (P.R.O., 
T.71, 1566, claim 833). 

HAYTI. 

This island, discovered by Columbus in 1492, was 
formerly known as Hispaniola and then as St. 
Domingo. It was renounced by Spain in 1865, and 
is now a Republic so far as 10,204 square miles of 
its total of 28,249 are concerned. 

Charles Gordon was vice-consul at its capital, 
Port au Prince. He died Aug. 29, 1826, having 
"gained the respect and confidence of the British 
residents in Hayti." He left a widow and an 
infant daughter ("Gentleman's Magazine," vol. 96, 
pt. 2, p. 477). 

BRITISH HONDURAS. 

Although, like Guiana, on the South American 
mainland, this colony may conveniently be included 
in the West Indian category. Discovered by 
Columbus in 1502, it was settled by the English 
from Jamaica in 1667. They were often disturbed 
by the Spaniards, and sometimes expelled, till 
1783. It covers 8600 square miles. 

Amelia Gordon, North Belsize, got £433 18s 7d 
compensation for eight slaves, Oct. 5, 1835 (P.R.O., 
T.71, 1559, claim 67). 

Grace Gordon, South Belsize, got £225 16s lid 
compensation for five slaves, Oct. 5, 1835 (P.R.O., 
T.71, 1559, claim 239). 

Jane Gordon, North Belsize, got £249 14s 8d 
compensation for four slaves, Oct. 5, 1835 (P.R.O., 
T.71, 1559, claim 130). As guardian for Anne Eliza- 

20 



beth Codd, a minor, she got £145 5s Id for four 
slaves (Ibid., claim 127). 

John Gordon, South Belsize, got £65 12s 4d 
compensation for one slave, Oct. 5, 1835 (Ibid., 
claim 5). 

Patricia. Gordon, North Belsize, got £262 7s 6d 
compensation for six slaves, Oct. 5, 1835 (Ibid., 
claim 128). 

Susannah Gordon, North Belsize, got £36 10s 7d 
compensation for one slave, Oct. 5, 1835 (Ibid., 
claim 18). 

JAMAICA. 

Jamaica is the largest of all the West Indies, 
covering 4200 square miles, which is more than 
six and a half times the size of Banffshire. It was 
discovered by Columbus on May 3, 1494, and we 
took it from the Spaniards on May 3, 1655. 

It attracted by far the greatest number of 
Gordons, and one of these, G. W. Gordon, a 
coloured member of the Legislature, created in- 
directly something approaching a revolution, for 
his execution at the hands of Governor Eyre on 
Oct. 23, 1865, on the charge of encouraging the 
negroes to revolt resulted in a tremendous dispute 
at home during the years 1865-69. 

Many of the best families of Gordons sent their 
younger sons to Jamaica, as the names of many 
estates shows us, such as Braco, Earlstoun, and 
Ancheudolly. But several of the Gordons in the 
colony were deported there on conviction. The 
following list is admittedly not complete, but it 
covers a fair area : — 

Dr Gordon, Jamaica. His daughter, Matty 

Gordon, was married "on Tuesday" to Dr David 
Ogilvie, Navy surgeon ("Aberdeen Journal," Dec. 
30, 1766). This may be Dr John Gordon (q. v.). 

Adam G. Gordon, St. John, as executor of John 
Bannie, Retirement plantation, got £138 7s 4d 
compensation for six slaves, January 30, 1836 : 
£700 5s 6d for 31 slaves ; £235 for nine slaves ; 
£240 for 10 slaves, all on the same plantation and 
same date (T.71, 1535, claims 74, 75, 76, 77). 

Agnes Gordon, St Mary, got £19 10s lOd com- 
pensation for one slave, Dec. 14, 1835 (T.71, 1537, 
claim 384). 

Alexander Gordon, will recorded 1741 (Book 23 : 
Island Records). 

Alexander Gordon, will recorded 1748 (Book 27 : 
Island Records). 

Alexander Gordon, will recorded 1743 (Book 24: 
Island Records). 

21 



Alexander Gordon, M.A., Kingston. In 1760 a 
private Act was passed for enabling him to carry into 
execution his projected improvement of water mills 
for grinding sugar cane (Furtado's "List of Jamaica 
People"). 

Alexander and Mary (or Margaret) Gordon had — 

1. Joseph Gordon, born October 26, 1769, and 

baptised April 18, 1771, in St Anne's parish. 

2. Elizabeth Grant Gordon, born October 11, 

1766, and baptised April 18, 1771, in St 
Anne's parish. 
Alexander Gordon had — 

1. Margaret Gordon, born August 20, and bap- 

tised October 15, 1775, in St Anne's parish. 

2. Rachel Gordon, born September 11, 1773, and 

baptised October 15, 1775, in St Anne's 
parish. 

Alexander Gordon, '"deceased," had John Syms 
Gordon, born March 18, 1784, and baptised June 
13, 1781, in St Anne's parish. 

Alexander Gordon, planter, late of Jamaica ; will, 
November 17, 1783 (Edinburgh Commissariot). 

Alexander Gordon, formerly of Jamaica, died at 
Aberdeen, Feb. 17, 1816 (''Aberdeen Journal"). 

Alexander K. Gordon, Lemon Hall, St John, got 
£29 3s Id compensation for one slave, Nov. 23, 
1835 (T.71, 1535, claim 231). 

Alexie W. Gordon ; see Margaret S. Gordon. 

Ann Carr Gordon put in a claim on the estate 
of the late William Fairclough, Dumfries estate, 
St James's, for 198 slaves, as judgment creditor, 
April 22, 1824, for £4445. On Dec. 3, 1836, she 
gave notice of a suit in the Court of Chancery in 
Jamaica (T.71, 1554, claims 403, 875). 

Arthur Gordon, parish of St James's, Cornwall 
County, left all his estate to Arthur Mantach, in 
trust for certain purposes. Arthur's sister, Helen 
Gordon, married John Hossack, innkeeper, Focha- 
bers, whose daughter married John Mantach (1743- 
1818). Those Gordons may have been connected 
with the Gordons of Fifth Part, Dundurcus, for 
Mr J. Mantach Grant, 36 Castle Street, Edinburgh, 
tells me he has found the above facts among his 
family papers. His grandfather, Peter Mantach, 
died in 1858, aged 72. 

Catherine Gordon, widow, as devisee and execu- 
trix of Henrietta Simcocks, got £140 compensation 
for seven slaves on Dunaa Pen, St Andrew's parish 
(T.71, 1546, claim 508), and £115 for four slaves 
owned by Henrietta Simcocks at Port Royal, Jan. 

22 



3i, 1835 (T.71, 1543, claim 197). She put in a 
counter claim to the claim of Henrietta Simcocks, 
Spanish Town, St Catherine's, for 19 slaves, Aug. 
31, 1835. William Gordon, like Catherine, was also 
an executor of Henrietta Simcocks's will (T.71, 
1533, claim 65). 

Catherine Gordon, as wife of John Gordon, 
claimed, under a marriage settlement, £4000, on 
Sept. 18, 1835, on the estate of Oliver Herring, Paul 
Island, Westmoreland (154 slaves). George Gordon 
and James Gordon claimed, as judgment creditors, 
in June, 1824, for £3461 (T.71, 1552, claim 223). 
John Gordon, on behalf of Catherine, his wife, 
claimed by virtue of a bond of Aug. 4, 1787, £2116 ; 
but on Nov. 30, 1830, he withdrew all claims except 
for 124 slaves, owned by Oliver Herring (95), Mrs 
Margaret Herring (15), and Mrs C. Gordon (54). 
John Gordon and Catherine Gordon stated, Dec. 9, 
1835, that the counter claims were made by George 
Gordon and James Gordon on their behalf, so 
that they withdrew them (T.71, 1552, claims 223, 
782, 783). 

Charles Gordon, 1737, will proved that year is 
preserved in Book 21, in the office of the Island 
Secretary. 

Charles Gordon, merchant, Jamaica. "By let- 
ters" from the island his death is announced in 
the "Aberdeen Journal," Oct. 28, 1755. He may 
be the Charles Gordon whose will was recorded in 
the Island records, Aug. 7, 1755, who had a brother 
John in Edinburgh, another brother Thomas in 
Aberdeen, and the following sisters in Aberdeen — 
Jane, Susanna, Elizabeth, and Mary.' 

Charles Gordon, junr., was one of the magis- 
trates of Trelawny parish, Cornwall County, 1783 
(Douglas and Aikman's 'Almanack and Register 
for Jamaica," 1783, p. 75). 

Charles Gordon, owner in right of his wife, in St 
Catherine, Spanish Town, got £29 3s Id compensa- 
tion for one slave, 1835 (T.71, 1533, claim 506). 

Charles Gordon, Tamarind Grove, St Catherine, 
got £530 5s 3d compensation for 31 slaves (T.71, 
1533, claim 508). As legatee he put in a claim for 
£360 for 28 slaves, but Henry Lord Garrigues, 
William Lambert, Bartholomew Ibbott Williams, 
James Lee Brodbelt, Thomas Lee Brodbelt, Eliza 
Lee Brodbelt, Margaret Clare, Eliza Clare, and 
John Gale Vidal, put in counter claims (T.71, 1533, 
claim 508). Charles Gordon, with the Claires and 
Vidals, put in a counter claim, as judgment credi- 
23 



tor, on the claim of William Page Clark, Wellington 
Park, St Catherine's (T.71, 1533, claim 161). 

Charles Gordon (perhaps the same as the last 
mentioned), as judgment creditor, in Feb., 1816, 
for £1000, put in a counter claim, Aug. 14, 1835, 
for the 19 slaves of John Thomas Bell, Fairfield, 
St Dorothy (T.71, 1535, claims 87 and 320). 

Charles Gordon, Coppen, St Catherine, got £231 
Is 9d for 12 slaves, June 13, 1836. Counter claims 
by Henry Lord Garrigues, Margaret Clare, Eliza 
Clare, and John Gale Vidal, as judgment creditors, 
were withdrawn (T.71, 1533, claim 505). He may 
be the same as Charles of Tamarind Grove. 

Charles Gordon, residing in England, got £4476 
4s lid compensation for 221 slaves on the Braco 
estate, Trelawny (T.71, 1555, claim 23); £1171 for 
98 slaves on the Williamsfield Pen, Trelawney, Oct. 
19, 1835 (Ibid, claim 24); and £1931 7s 4d for 84 
slaves in Richmond Pen, St Anne's, Feb. 1, 1836 
(T.71 ,1538, claim 583). He was the son or grandson 
of William Gordon (son of Elizabeth Gordon of 
Braco, in the parish of Grange, wife of Mr William 
Gordon, Mill of Avochie), who emigrated to 
Jamaica. Charles had at least one son, Charles, 
who lived at Great Berkhampstead, Herts., who 
died in 1829, and whose son, Charles (1784-1839), 
bought Newtimber Place, Sussex, still held by the 
family. 

Charlotte Gordon, Mountain Spring, St Andrew's 
parish, got £286 compensation for 12 slaves, Jany. 
12, 1836 (T.71, 1546, claim 443). 

Cosmo Gordon, was the son of James Gordon of 
Beldorney (died 1740), and went to Jamaica. Cosmo 
married a Jamaican, Miss Campbell, and had a 
large family, including Robert Gordon, who mar- 
ried Letitia Rudyerd ; and had Robert Henry John 
Huntly Gordon (1797-1878), an officer in the army, 
who married a Glenlivet woman, Helen Macgregor 
(said to have been a lady's maid). His son, by 
another lady, is Mr Charles Edward Gordon, living 
at Wrangell, Alaska, who has recently been claim- 
ing to be "the rightful heir to the Huntly Gordon 
estates of Aberdeen, and also the Field House, 
Whitby estate, Yorkshire." Charles Edward is 
married to an Eskimo lady. 

David Gordon, lieutenant, 79th Foot, and his 
wife, Rebecca, had a son, James, born Jany. 17, 
and baptised March 21, 1781, in St Mary's parish, 
Kingston. David died in Jamaica, Dec. 6, 1781, 
aged 37. His widow was receiving a pension till 
1811, 

24 



Eliza Gordon, executrix of Amelia Bell, Prospect 
Farm, got £266 lis lid compensation for 31 slaves, 
Sept. 26, 1836 (T.71, 1537, claim 300). 

Elizabeth Gordon, Prospect, St Mary's, probably 
the same as Eliza, got £64 4s 3d for four slaves : 
Dec. 14, 1835. It was amended, June 25, 1836, n 
favour of William Villiers Amiel and Elizabeth 
Amiel (T.71, 1537, claim 308). On March 20, 1837, 
Amiel and his wife, Elizabeth, got £306 compensa- 
tion (Ibid., claim 309). 

Eliza Gordon, "a native of Jamaica," died March 
4, 1810, aged 17, and a stone was erected to her 
memory in Greyfriars, Edinburgh, by "her friend 
and afflicted parents" (James Brown's "Greyfriars 
Epitaphs," p. 268). 

Eliza Bendon Gordon, Kingston, owner in fee, 
got £134 3s 4d compensation for seven slaves, Feb. 
29, 1836 (T.71, 1542, claim 796). 

Elizabeth Gordon, owner in fee, Gordon Castle, 
St Mary, got £28 3s 8d compensation for 13 slaves, 
Sept. 28, 1835 (T.71, 1537, claim 50). 

Ellen Gordon died June 8, 1839, aged 72 (stone 
in the Ebenezer Burial Ground, Kingston, quoted 
in "Notes and Queries," Sept. 30, 1905). 

Florence Gordon, owner in fee, Charlestown, St 
George, got £26 12s 2d compensation for one slave, 
Nov. 9, 1835 (T.71, 1550, claim 150). 

Frances Gordon (Mrs), died Oct. 30, 1836, in 
Jamaica, aged 84. She was the mother of William 
Whitehorne of Laurence Park, Jamaica ("Gentle- 
man's Magazine," vol. 7, N.S., p. 447). 

Francis and John Gordon, joint owners in fee 
of Golden River, St Thomas-in-Vale, had 100 slaves, 
for whom they got £1967 compensation, July 28, 
1836. A counter claim was raised, Aug. 14, 1835, 
by Sir John Gordon, Bart., as mortgage for £4700, 
but was withdrawn, Feb. 1, 1836, by Sir John's 
attorney, H. Lowndes (T.71, 1536, claim 226). This 
Sir John was apparently the fifth baronet of Earls- 
toun, Kirkcudbright (q. v.). 

George Gordon and George Gordon, jun., were 
among "the list of His Majesty's subjects and 
slaves," transported in H.M.S. Hercules from Suri- 
nam to Jamaica , September, 1675; George Gordon, 
sen., was in debt, 1676 (Calendar or State Docu- 
ments — America and the West Indies, P.R.O.). 

George and Elizabeth Gordon had Elizabeth, 
baptised April 16, 1680, in St Catherine's parish. 

George and Sarah Gordon had a son Thomas, 
baptised Aug. 28, 1683, in St Catherine's parish, 

25 



George Gourdon, will registered 1683 (Book 4: 
Island Secretary's office). 

George Gordon, will registered 1741 (Book 23 : 
Ibid.). 

George Gordon from Aberdeen had a daughter, 
Mary, 1757. 

George and Rebecca Gordon, at Wheelerfield, 
had Thomas Gordon, born April 19, and baptised 
October 2, 1757, St George's parish. 

George Gordon, surgeon, Hanover parish. He 
married Elizabeth Denham. His will was proved 
December 13, 1781 (Edinburgh Commissariot). His 
wife was served heir to her brother, David Denham, 
writer, Edinburgh. They had a daughter — 

Elizabeth Gordon, who was served heir to 
her and Captain Gordon of Auchannachy, Aug. 
15, 1782, and to her uncle, John, of Auchan- 
nachy, August 15, 1782. 

George Gordon took a lease of some property in 
Jamaica, 1781. He was the second son of Robert 
Gordon of Pronsey and the brother of Dr John 
Gordon (q. v.), to whom, on his death in Jamaica, 
he left his fortune. 

George Gordon was the representative in 1835 
of John Tarrett, deceased, on the estate of Amity 
Hall Settlement, St James, and «f Catherine Hall 
(T.71, 1554, claims 535, 536). He was also executor 
to the late mortgagees on the estate of John Cleg- 
horn, Grange Pen, St James's (T.71, 1554, claim 
665). 

George Gordon, owner in fee, Port Maria, St 
Mary, got £110 19s compensation for six slaves, 
Feb. 1, 1836 (T.71, 1537, claim 516). 

George Gordon, owner in fee, Moor Park, St 
James's, got £3526 3s 9d compensation for 178 
slaves, Nov. 16, 1836 (T.71, 1554, claim 181). 

George Gordon, as receiver in the cause of Gray 
v. Hinde and others, put in a claim for 93 slaves 
at the Industry Estate (T.71, 1554, claim 166). As 
an executor of Charles Gordon Gray, jun., Industry 
Estate, St James's, he got £326 compensation for 
15 slaves, April 4, 1836. Janet Gray put in a 
counter claim as annuitant of £300 by agreement 
in satisfaction of her dower, for arrears since 1831, 
claiming £1051, but she withdrew this, Feb. 22, 
1836 (T.71, 1554, claim 165). 

George Gordon, Marley Mount, St Dorothy, got 
£78 3s 5d compensation for four slaves, Oct. 26, 
1835 (T.71, 1534, claim 117). 

George William Gordon, "the Jamaica Martyr," 
was a man of colour. His origin is doubtful. His 

26 



father is said to have been William Gordon from 
Morayshire. Others give him a Joseph Gordon, 
probably the Joseph who belonged to the Carroll 
family in Sutherland. He was born as a slave to 
the Cherry Garden Estate, in St Andrew's parish, 
of which his father, Joseph, was overseer. His 
mother, with her sisters, were slaves on this estate. 
When the father became attorney for the estate, he 
freed his children and their mother and had given 
them all a good education. George started in 
business as a merchant, and became quite a rich 
man. In Oct., 1846, he married, and soon after 
this his father's affairs became involved and the 
father came home. The negro riot broke out at 
Morant Bay, in the parish of Jamaica, on Oct. 11, 
1865. The volunteers were called to suppress it, 
the result being that seven were killed and 25 
wounded. Of the civilians present, 11 were killed 
and six wounded. In all, about 25 persons were 
killed and about 35 wounded. Five houses were 
burned and 20 stores looted. Then the Governor, 
Edward John Eyre (1815-1901), who curiously enough 
had married a Gordon, namely, Ada Austen, daughter 
of Alexander Hamilton Miller Gordon of Florida 
Manor and Delamont, County Pown, decided on 
the Botha-strong-man act, proclaimed martial law 
(Oct. 13), and hanged Gordon summarily. No 
fewer than 439 of the rioters were put to death, 
600 were flogged, and over 1000 houses were burned. 
All Britain was roused. Eyre was recalled and 
tried. Kingsley, Carlyle, Ruskin, and Tennyson 
supported him. J. S. Mill, Huxley, Tom Hughes, 
Herbert Spencer, and Goldwin Smith denounced 
Eyre. The latter was brought to trial, but the 
grand juries threw out the bills. Eyre's legal 
expenses were paid from the public funds in 1872, 
and he received a pension as a retired Colonial 
governor in 1874. When he died in 1901 most 
people had forgotten all about him. A big litera- 
ture arose out of the whole affair, of which the 
following are samples : — 

"A Sketch of the late Mr G. W. Gordon, 
Jamaica." By the Rev. David King, LL.D., London 
(Edinburgh: William Oliphant & Co.), 1866: 8vo., 
pp. 16. 

"The Case of George William Gordon, with pre- 
liminary observations on the Jamaica plot of Oct. 
11, 1865."' By B. T. Williams, M.A., baxrister-at- 
law (London: Butterworth), 1866: 8vo., 59 pp. 

"Personal Recollections of the Hon. George W. 
Gordon, late of Jamaica," (London), 1867. 

27 



"The History of the Jamaica Case; being an 
account founded upon official documents of the 
Rebellion of the Negroes in Jamaica : the causes 
which led to it, and the measures taken for its 
suppression ; the agitation excited on the subject, 
its causes and its character ; and the debates in 
Parliament, and the Criminal Prosecutions arising 
out of it." By W. F. Finlason [1818-95], barrister- 
at-law (London : Chapman & Hall) ; 2nd edition, 
1869; 8vo., pp. xcvi., 691. 

I believe Gordon's widow came to England and 
died at Watford. A photograph of Gordon, taken 
by Duberley Brothers, Kingston, Jamaica, shows 
him as a strong-faced intelligent man with spec- 
tacles, but does not betray negroed features. 

Harry Gordon married Anne Taafe, the daughter 
of the Rev. Arthur Taafe, of Jamaica, and the 
grand-daughter of Christopher Taafe of Mansfield- 
town, Co. Louth, who was attained in 1691, and 
went to Jamaica. His son was Lieut. -Colonel 
Harry Gordon, who married Rachael Lawrence of 
Jamaica, and had two sons (died without issue) 
and four daughters ("Notes and Queries"). A 
James Gordon of 1766 had a brother Harry in 
H.M. service. 

James Gordon, "late of Jamaica," died at Dum- 
fries, January 23, 1794 ("Scots Magazine"). 

James Gordon. His daughter, Miss Gordon, was 
married in 1802, at Earlston, Jamaica, to George 
Innes, the father then being dead ("Scots Maga- 
zine"). 

James Gordon and Robert William Gordon, St 
James's, as executors for John Edward Payne, 
Middlesex Pen, Hanover, got £2255 compensation 
for 111 slaves, Jany. 25, 1836 (T.71, 1553, claim 
419) ; and £123 for Payne's eight slaves at Wood- 
lands, St James's, Nov. 16, 1835 (T.71, 1554, claim 
150). 

James Gordon, Montego Bay, got £98 10s 3d 
as compensation for four slaves, April 11, 1836, 
William Banks, New York, withdrawing a counter 
claim as judgment creditor for £6291 with interest 
(T.71, 1554, claim 60). James and Robert Gordon, 
Montego Bay, got £396 19s 6d compensation for 13 
slaves, April 11, 1836, Banks again withdrawing a 
counter claim as judgment creditor for the £6291 
(T.71, 1554, claim 86). 

James Gordon, Jamaica, married Christian, 
daughter of James Scarlett of that island, and 
died in 1794. He was the ninth and youngest son 

28 



of Sir Thomas Gordon of Earlstoun, Kirkcudbright, 
and brother of Sir John, 5th baronet (q. v.). 

James Alexander Gordon died in Jamaica, 1757. 

Jane Gordon, owner in fee, Prospect, St Mary, 
got £89 16s 8d compensation for six slaves, Jany. 
11, 1836 (T.71. 1537, claim 459). 

Jane Gordon, owner in fee, Font Hill, St An- 
drew, got £39 compensation for two slaves, Dec. 
21, 1835 (T.71, 1546, claim 319). 

John Gordon, will registered 1737 (Book 21 : 
Island Secretary's Office). 

John and Elizabeth Gordon had the following 
children : — 

1. John Gordon, born and baptised September 

21, 1761. 

2. Mary Gordon, born July 26, 1756, and bap- 

tised July 31, 1762, both baptisms taking 
place in St Mary's parish, Kingston. 

John and Elizabeth Gordon had Sarah, born Oct. 
31, 1769, and baptised March 29, 1770, in St Anne's 
parish. 

John and Elizabeth Gordon had Susan, bora 
August 2, 1772, and baptised March 1, 1774, in 
St Anne's parish. 

Dr John Gordon (1728-1774) helped to quell a 
rebellion of negroes in the parish of St Mary, April 
8, 1760, as recorded on his tombstone in St Peter's, 
Dorchester, where he died, Oct. 4, 1774. He was 
the son of Robert Gordon, of Pronsy, and grand- 
son of Sir Robert Gordon, 2nd bart. of Embo, and 
he had a son, Robert Home Gordon (q. v.). 

John Gordon, of Portland parish, county of 
Surrey, was served heir to his father, George, 
merchant in Aberdeen, June 18, 1772. 

John Gordon, one of the representatives in 
Assembly from St Anne's parish, died 1776. , 

John and Anne Gordon had Francis Leslie Gor- 
don, born July 26, and baptised May 29, 1782, in 
St Mary parish, Kingston. 

John Gordon had the following children :— 

1. John Gordon, born January 2, 1789, and bap- 

tised August 11, 1797, in St Anne's parish. 

2. Patrick Dunbar Gordon, born April 16, 1791, 

and baptised August 11, 1797, in St Anne's 
parish. 

3. Jean Gordon, born April, 1794. 

John and Jean Gordon had Mary M'Donald 
Gordon, born Jany. 2, 1797, and baptised August 
15, 1798, in St Anne's parish. 

29 



John Gordon, Bertram's Bower, St Anne's. At 
his house his sister, Mrs Sharpe, widow of Alex- 
ander Sharpe (sometime of Jamaica), died Sept. 20, 
1820 ("Scots Magazine"). 

John Gordon, M.D., died on December 1, 1825, 
at Kingston, "where he had resided more than 40 
years.'' He was "a native of Aberdeenshire," and 
was aged 70 ("Scots Magazine''). 

Sir John Gordon, of Earlstoun, Montego Bay, 
5th baronet of Earlstoun, Kirkcudbright (1780-1843). 
He was living in Jamaica in 1811, but having in 
1816 succeeded to the estate of Carleton, Scotland, 
possessed by his kinsman, John Gordon, he returned 
to Scotland. As owner in fee of Carleton, St 
James's, Jamaica, he got £3316 compensation for 
164 slaves, Jany. 25, 1835, and on Feb. 22, 1836, he 
got £473 for 26 slaves, claimed by him as guardian 
to the heirs of Amey Brown, Carleton. He made 
the claim as executor for his sister (T.71, 1544, 
claims 429, 430). See also Francis and John Gordon, 
supra. 

John Gordon, absentee, owner in fee of the 
Campbelton estate, Hanover, got £3181 compensa- 
tion for 162 slaves, Jany. 25, 1836. A counter claim 
by George Gibbs and Robert Bright as mortgagees, 
Aug. 12, 1817, for £3553, with interest, was with- 
drawn, Feb. 18, 1836 (T.71, 1553, claim 189). 

John Gordon, absentee, owner in fee, Glasgow 
estate, St James's, had 174 slaves. He died, and 
a sum of £3181 was awarded to his executors, Maria 
Gordon and George Gordon, Nov. 16, 1855 (T.71, 
claim 170). 

John Gordon claimed through George Gordon, as 
mortgagee, March 26, 1793, for £24,064 10s and 
£5967, on judgment of June, 1795. He got £457 
18s 8d compensation for 28 slaves owned by Peter 
Anderson, Portland parish (T.71, 1549, claim 16). 

John Gordon, Scotland, was a mortgagee, May 
31, 1817, on the estate of the heirs of Raynes B. 
Warb, Blue Hole estate, St James's, 142 slaves 
(T.71, 1554, claim 186). 

John Gordon was mortgagee on the estate of 
Gilbert Sinclair. Cross estate, St Catherine, and 
his executor put in a claim for £6785 on Sinclair's 
197 slaves, Aug. 14, 1835. But Sinclair himself was 
awarded £356 19s Id on April 4, 1836, Gordon's 
executor, William Rae, withdrawing the counter 
claim (T.71, 1533, claim 674). 

John Gordon claimed as judgment creditor, Jiine 
1, 1832, for £1333 on the estate of Francis Samuel 
Corral, St Andrew, (14 slaves). But Corral himself 
30 



got £164 on Aug. 3, 1840 (T.71, 1546, claims 561, 
635). 

John Gordon, together with James Fyffe, Neil 
Malcolm, Charles Sterling, William Sterling, and 
Charles Sterling, junr., "of Scotland,'' by their 
attorney, George Gordon, put in (1835) a counter 
claim on 97 slaves belonging to A. Hamilton Brown, 
St Anne's, as assignees of certain bonds given for 
the purchase money of these slaves, and also as 
being entitled to the legal estate by a certain 
deed, whereby all parties interested had agreed to 
transfer the compensation to them (T.71, 1538, 
claim 650). The same six persons held mortgages 
to the extent of £6655 on 187 slaves, belonging to 
John Haughton and James Burnet, Ground Pen, 
Hanover (T.71, 1553, claim 19, 511). John Gordon, 
Charles Sterling, and James Fyffe held another 
mortgage of £9699, dated 1820. 

Joseph Gordon, of Navidale, Sutherland, made 
a fortune in Jamaica. He was a younger son of 
Hugh Gordon of Carroll (in the parish of Clyne, 
Sutherland), who represented the younger branch 
of the Invergordon Gordons. Joseph died in 1800, 
and left his property, including mortgages affecting 
many lands, negroes, and other property in the 
island of Jamaica to his brother John, of Carroll, 
and the latter's son, Joseph, last of Ca<rroll (died 
1855), who was a Writer to the Signet. This latter 
Joseph may be the same as one, if not all, of the 
following Josephs in Jamaica : — 

Joseph Gordon, owner in fee, Delacree Pen, St 
Andrews, got £1383 compensation for 74 slaves, 
Oct. 5, 1835 (T.71 ,1546, claim 44); £478 for 24 
slaves on Shortwood and Barbican, Sept. 19, 1836 
(Ibid., claim 45) ; £3564, as executor, under the 
will of Benjamin Mariott Perk, Shortwood, for 
172 slaves (Ibid., claim 51). He claimed, as co- 
executor of Francis Clark, Spring, for 97 slaves 
(Ibid., claim 55), and got £458 as owner of 23 
slaves at Spring (Ibid., claim 56). 

Joseph Gordon, owner, Old England estate, St 
David's, got £2240 14s 4d compensation for 107 
slaves, Oct. 31, 1836, though counter claims, as 
judgment creditors, were put in by John Hall, for 
£3060, Feb. 1, 1816; by John Atkins and John 
Pelly, for £3663, Oct., 1828; and by Samuel Foyster 
Yockney and William Yockney, for £3347, Feb. 1, 
1827 (T.71, 1547, clcaim 3). The sum of £1099 with 
interest and accumulations was adjudged to the 
counter claimants, Nov. 30, 1840 (Ibid., claim 186). 
In Gordon's claim as owner of Mount Faraway and 

31 



Essex, Port Royal, the sum of £2358 was adjudged 
to Gordon, Oct. 31, 1836, though the same counter 
claims were made (T.71, 154-5, claims 32 and 304). 

Joseph Gordon as mortgagee, Feb. 19, 1828, for 
£1598, entered, and then w'thdrew, a claim on the 
estate of Sarah Hagart, Richmond Castle, St 
George's (T.71 ,1550, claim 314). 

Joseph Gordon extended a claim on the estate 
of Mary Player Smith, Prospect Hill, St Andrew, 
as assignee under judgment for £618 (T.71, 1546, 
claim 146). 

Joseph Gordon was creditor on judgment of Oct., 
1832, for £43 on the estate of Robert P. Clarke, 
executor of William Clarke, Mount Sion, St Mary, 
and put in a claim for the same, Aug., 1835 (T.71, 
1537, claim 87). 

Joseph Gordon, as creditor on bond and judgment 
for £4453, put in a counter claim on the estate of 
Lawrence Fyffe, Albany estate, St Mary, Aug., 
1835 (T.71, 1537, claim 145). 

Joseph Gordon, as creditor on judgment of Feb., 
1825, for £291, put n a counter claim, Aug., 1835, 
on Henry Cox, senr., and John Harris, Mason 
Hall, St Mary, but £391 was paid to Elizabeth 
Macdonald (T.71, 1537, claim 293). 

Joseph Gordon, by judgment for £151, June, 
1832, claimed on the estate of Lydia Baker, trustee 
in fee, Bardowie, St Andrews, in the matter of 101 
slaves (T.71, 1546, claim 179). 

Joseph Gordon was a trustee for John Smith, 
Salisbury Plain, St Andrews, 1836, in the matter 
of 157 slaves (T.71, 1546, claim 284). 

Joseph Gordon, as executor of William Davidson, 
entered a claim ; n 1835 on the estate of George 
Davidson, Redington Pen, and Broadgate, St 
George, losing it on a judgment of Oct., 1833 (T.71, 
1550, claims 274, 276, 324). 

Joseph Gordon and John White Carter, as re- 
ceivers at Washington and Hibernia, St David's, 
claimed for 57 and 182 slaves, 1836 (T.71, 1547, 
claims 134, 135, and 191). 

Larchin Gordon was assistant judge of Common 
Pleas and of the Quorum and one of the magis- 
trates of Clarendor parish, Middlesex county, 1783 
(Douglas and Aikman's Almanack and Register of 
Island of Jamaica for 1783, p. 69). Larchin Gordon, 
owner in fee, Crescent, St Mary, got £48 13s lid 
compensation for one slave, Dec. 14, 1835 (T.71, 
1537, claim 375). Larchin Gordon, senior, as 
guardian for Sarah Gordon, Happy Retreat, St 
Elizabeth, got £26 12s 2d for one slave, March 7, 

32 



1836 (T.71, 1551, claim 942), and as guardian for 
Catalina A. Gordon, Happy Retreat, he got £12 
16s 2d compensation for another slave (Ibid., claim 

944). Larchin Gordon married Elizabeth , and 

had the following children in Clarendon parish : — 

1. William Gordon, born April 24, 1765. 

2. Richard Larchin Gordon, baptised Sept. 20, 

1766. He is apparently the Larchin Gor- 
don, junior, Happy Retreat, St Elizabeth, 
who got £26 12s 2d compensation for one 
slave, March 7, 1836 (T.71, 1551, claim 942), 
and £313 for 14 slaves, as executrix for 
John Gordon, Port Royal, Thomas Douglas, 
legatee, withdrawing a counter claim for 
£409 (Ibid., claim 943). He is almost 
certainly the Richard Gordon who was 
assistant judge of the Common Pleas and 
of the Quorum and a magistrate of Claren- 
don, county Middlesex, 1793 (Douglas and 
Aikman's Almanack and Register for 
Jamaica, 1793, p. 69). 

3. Arthur M'Kenzie Gordon, baptised November 

21, 1765. 

4. George Alexander Gordon, baptised April 19, 

1782. 

5. Elizabeth Barbary Gordon, baptised May 13, 

1785. Larchin Gordon had a daughter 
unnamed, who was married at Spanish 
Town to William Ramsay, registrar of the 
High Court of Jamaica ("Scots Magazine," 
September, 1789). 

6. Susanna Gordon, baptised December 11, 1784. 

7. Mary Alexandrina Barbary (or Barberry) 

Gordon withdrew in 1837 a counter claim 
for £310 on the 40 slaves of James William- 
son, Whitfield Pen, St Andrews (T.71, 1546, 
claim 484). As an annuitant, she put in a 
counter claim to the claim of Edward 
Thomson, sequestrator in the case of 
Nioxby v. Gordon, on Lemon Hill, St 
Dorothy. The judgment creditors were 
William and Donald Finlayson, John 
Nethersole, Donald Dingwall, John Rickett, 
and Samuel Richard Herdsman (T.71, 1535, 
claims 164, 165, 330). She herself owned 
48 slaves and was a counter claimant to 
the claim of two slaves belonging to 
William Halshead, St John's (Ibid. 169). An 
Alexandrina Barberry was the wife of 
William Gordon in 1794. 

33 



Margaret Gordon, Tomarind Grove, St Catherine 
got £71 5s 3d for six slaves, Feb. 1, 1836 (T.71, 
1533, claim 504). 

Margaret S. Gordon, St Anne's, owner in fee, 
and Alexie W. Gordon, got £340 compensation for 
14 slaves, Feb. 15, 1836 (T.71, 1538, claim 597). 

Mary Gordon, was a coloured woman in Hanover 
parish, Sept. 7, 1788. 

Mary Ann Gordon, Camperdown Pen, St Andrews, 
got £87 compensation for four slaves, Oct. 5, 1836 
(T.71, 1546, claim 64). 

Mary B. Gordon, Mint estate, Westmoreland, got 
£66 compensation for three slaves, Dec. 7, 1836 
(T.71, 1552, claim 250). 

. Mary Margaret Gordon, owner in fee, Friendship, 
St Mary, got £77 compensation for five slaves, 
Jauy. li, 1836 (T.71, 1537, claim 404). 

Oliver Herring Gordon, owner in fee, Paisley 
estate, St James's, got £34 compensation for one 
slave, Nov. 16, 1835 (T.71, 1554, claim 182). See 
also Catherine Gordon, supra. 

Richard Gordon and his wife, Mary, had a son, 
Michael, born March 16, baptised Sept. 6, 1740 (in 
Kingston parish). 

Robert Gordon married Hannah , and had 

a son, William, born Dec. 3, 1739, and baptised 
Jany. 1, 1740, at Kingston. 

Robert Gordon married Ann Graham, and had 
a son, George, baptised July 17, 1769, in St 
Catherine's parish. 

Robert Gordon was a coloured man, living in 
Hanover parish, May 7, 1785. 

Robert Gordon married Elizabeth Ann — , and 
had 

1. Robert Gordon, baptised at Port Royal, Dec. 

28, 1788. 

2. Edward Gordon, baptised at Port Royal, Dec. 

28, 1788. 

3. George Gordon, baptised at Port Royal, Dec. 

28, 1788. 

Robert Gordon married Sarah , and had a 

daughter, Mary Ann, baptised Aug. 31, 1793, in 
Kingston parish. 

Robert Gordon, living in 1768 in Flanders, be- 
queathed his real property within the diocese of 
Canterbury and also in Jamaica to his brothers, 
John and William, and to his daughters, Susanna 
and Rebecca (Archer's "Jamaica Monuments"). I 
think he was one of the Hallhead Gordons, who 
were certainly represented in Jamaica by Cosmo 

(q. v.), who called his son Robert , and a 

34 



brother of Sir William Gordon, the diplomat (1726- 
1798). 

Robert Gordon married, Oct. 8, 1799, Isabella, 
daughter of James Dunn, of Alderston ("Scots 
Magazine"). 

Robert Gordon, Great Britain, owner in fee of 
Windsor Lodge estate, St James's, put in a claim 
for 353 slaves, but the £6252 12s given for them 
was paid to Hibbert and Co., counter claimants 
for the mortgagees and in virtue of a judgment of 
Oct., 1827, for £15,589 (T.71, 1554, claim 169). He 
also claimed for 167 slaves on the Paisley estate, 
but again the Hibberts got £3135 in virtue of a 
mortgage, July 24, 1800, of £15,589 (Ibid., claim 
184). He is probably Robert Home Gordon, son 
of Dr John Gordon (q. v.), who was co-respondent 
in a divorce suit, 1794, with Mrs Biscoe, whose 
husband was awarded £4000 damages. Gordon, 
who married the lady, was said in 1794 to be 
worth £7000 or £8000 a year. He lived in Albe- 
marle Street, London, and bought the ancestral 
estate of Embo. He died in 1826, and his widow, 
who died in 1839, sold Embo to the ducal Suther- 
lands. 

Robert Gordon and William Langmead entered 
a counter claim as judgment creditors for £10,000, 
Jany. 26, 1835, on the estate of Stephen Oakby 
Attlay, Prospect estate, Portland, Jamaica (T.71, 
1549, claim 36). 

Robert Home Gordon, see Robert Gordon, supra. 

Robert William Gordon, Montego Bay, St 
James's, got £29 compensation for one slave, April 
11, 1836, William Banks, New York, withdrawing 
a counter claim as judgment creditor for £6291 
(T.71, 1554, claim 61). 

Rupert Daniel Gordon, son of Robert Gordon, 
Achness, died at Clarendon, June, 1802 ("Scots 
Magazine"). He is probably the same as Rupert 
Daniel Gordon, who became a cornet in Colonel 
M'Dowall's Fencible Cavalry, April 18, 1786. 

Samuel Gordon: will registered 1722 (Book 16, 
No. 48, Island Secretary's Office). 

Samuel and Mary Gordon had Thomas, baptised 
August 4, 1717, in St Catherine's parish. 

Samuel and Cecilia Gordon had — 

1. Jane, baptised July 25, 1739, in St Catherine's 
, parish. 

2. Francis, baptised Sept. 15, 1753, in St Cathe- 

rine's parish. 
Samuel Gordon, son of Samuel Gordon of 
Jamaica, matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford, 

35 



Dec. 17, 1762, aged 22 (Foster's "Oxford Alumni"). 
Samuel Gordon, Kingston, was Attorney-General 
of Jamaica. He had — 

1. Thomas Gordon. 

2. John Gordon. 

3. Robert Gordon. 

4. Janet Gordon. She married in 1760 John 

Hibbert of Manchester (1732-69). Their son 
Robert Hibbert, founded the Hibbert 
Trust in 1847. There is a full 
pedigree of the Hibberts in Cusan's 
"Herts," vi., 180. The Hibberts 
had lent money to Robert Gordon 

(q- v.). 

Susanna Ann Gordon, St Andrews Hill, St 
James's, got £63 compensation for 30 slaves, Dec. 
7, 1835 (T.71, 1554, claim 228). 

Susanna Ann Gordon got £7503 compensation for 
354 slaves on the Home Castle estate, St Anne's, 
and £2461 for 119 slaves on Dernock Pen., Jany. 
11, 1835. She claimed through her attorney, Robert 
Fairweather, who himself owned 18 slaves (T.71, 
1538, claims 1498, 1499). 

Susanna Ann Gordon, St James's, and Anne 
Edgar Sutherland, were owners in fee of one slave 
at Montego Bay, and got £29 compensation, Feb. 
29, 1836 (T.71, i554, claim 781). 

Thomas Gordon, will registered 1746 (Book 27 ; 
Island Secretary's Office). 

Thomas Gordon married Ann . In his will, 

registered 1748, he mentions Ann and his children, 
Susanna, Ann, John, and William, and appoints 
Dr William Gordon, M.D., Bristol, as executor 
(Archer's "Jamaica Monuments"). 

Thomas Gordon had a daughter, Elizabeth, bap- 
tised in St Andrew's parish, Feb. 8, 1787. 

Thomas Gordon was one of the magistrates of 
St Thomas-in-the-East and St David, Surrey county 
(Douglas and Aikman's "Almanack and Register 
for Jamaica," 1783, p. 73). 

Hon. Thomas Gordon, Chief Justice of Port 
Royal, died at Kingston, August 3, 1771. 

Thomas Gordon had Elizabeth Gordon, baptised 
February 2, 1787, in St Andrew parish. 

Thomas Gordon, Port Maria Bay, died June 15, 
1807, at sea on his wa home. He was the son of 
Rev. G. W. Algernon Gordon, minister of Keith. 

Thomas Gordon (born 1810) was the son of the 
owner of the Orange Estate (or Orangefield), 
Jamaica, who, in turn, inherited it from his father. 
36 



Thomas came to Scotland when his father married 
a second time. He married Janet, daughter of 
his employer, Mr Drennan, a stonemason. His 
grandson, Mr J. A. Gordon, Kenmuir, 6a Langdale 
Road, Thornton Heath, tells me that Thomas, who 
lived at Riccarton, Ayrshire, "used at times to 
declare that he was Viscount Kenmuir," and when 
Adam, the 8th Viscount (1792-1847) died, "he made 
some move to push his claim forward. Thomas 
and his wife, Janet Drennan, had four sons — 

1. Robert Gordon (died 1905) : married Margaret 

M'Clymont, now (1914) aged 83, and had 
Thomas Gordon: still alive. 
Robert Gordon : still alive. 
John Alexander Gordon: now living at 
Kenmuir, Thornton Heath ; mar- 
ried, and his issue, Helen Gordon, 
still alive. 

2. James Gordon: died in 1906 or 1907. 

3. John Gordon : died about 1901. 

4. Janet Gordon: died about 1909. 

Thomas Gordon, trustee for John Fisher, Union 
(214 slaves), and Juana Pier (145 slaves) claimed 
compensation, but admitted the counter claim of 
the Rev. John Campbell Fisher (T.71, 1551, claims 
362, 730, and 1074). 

Thomas Cosmo Gordon. In his attestation papers 
as an officer in the Indian army preserved at the 
India Office, he states on oath that he was born 
in the parish of Anne's. "No register of births 
being kept in this parish, a certificate of his age 
cannot be obtained, but he is informed by his 
parents, which he verily believes to be true, that 
he is between the age of 15 and 25 years at the 
present time" — sworn at the Mansion House, April 
28, 1791. 

Walter Gordon, sometime overseer of the plan- 
tation of Airy Castle, Jamaica; will April 27, 1785 
("Edinburgh Commissariot"). 

William Gordon, will registered 1705 (Book 11, 
No. 147: Island Secretary's Office). 

William Gordon married Mary , and had a 

son, William, baptised in St Catherine's parish, 
April 18, 1669. 

William and Margaret Gordon had — 

1. William, baptised March 28, 1701, in St Cathe- 

rine's parish. 

2. Catherine, baptised October 17, 1704, in St 

Catherine's parish. 

37 



William and Mary Gordon had — 

1. Alexander, baptised April 3, 1722, in St Cathe- 

rine's parish. 

2. William, baptised September 6, 1724, in St 

Catherine's parish. 
William and Elizabeth Gordon had — 

1. Charles Gordon, born April 24, and baptised 

May 29, 1723. 

2. William Gordon, born April 10, and baptised 

April 23, 1724. 

3. John Gordon, born October 27, and baptised 

November 10, 1727. 

4. Robert Gordon, born December 29, 1727 (P), 

and baptised February 3, 1728. All these 
baptisms took place in St Mary's parish, 
Kingston. 
William and Susanna Gordon had — 

1. Thomas, born January 30, and baptised Feby. 

18, 1730. 

2. Susanna Gordon, born July 3, and baptised 

August 18, 1729, both baptisms taking place 
in St Mary parish, Kingston. 

William and Mary Gordon, of St John's, had 
Margaret, baptised June 15, 1733, in St Dorothy 
parish. 

William and Mary Gordon had Elizabeth, bap- 
tised October 2, 1740, in Clarendon parish. 

William Gordon died at Montego Bay, 1766. 

William and Alexandrina Barbary Gordon (per- 
haps the daughter of Larchin Gordon, q. v.) had 
Richard, baptised May 5, 1794, in Clarendon parish. 

William Gordon, of St Elizabeth, leaves bequests 
to Susanna, daughter of Harry Gordon, of St 
James's (Archer's "Monumental Inscriptions of 
Jamaica"). 

William Gordon, St Catherine, got £132 15s 8d 
compensation for six slaves, Jany. 11, 1836 (T.71, 
1533, claim 170). 

William Gordon, Tryall and Ryley's estates, 
Hanover, got £483 compensation for 25 slaves, Oct. 
19, 1835 (T.71, 1553, claim 59). 

William Gordon, will registered 1738 (Book 22; 
Island Secretary's Office). 

William Gordon, Montego Bay, got £225 com- 
pensation for nine slaves, Dec. 23, 1835 (T.71, 1554, 
claim 304). 

William Gordon, St. James's, as trustee for Mary 
Ann Bryan, Angelica Stuart, and others, Montego 

38 



Bay, got £80 compensation for six slaves, April 18, 
1836 (T.71, 1554, claim 263). 

William Gordon, owner in fee, Darliston, West- 
moreland, got £1938 compensation for 94 slaves, 
Feb. 8, 1836 (T.71, 1552, claim 305). 

Dr William Gordon settled at Montego Bay and 
became a judge in the Supreme Court of Jamaica 
and a Member of Council. He was the son of 
Col. John Gordon of Coynachie, born 1786, and 
died at Elgin, Jany. 26, 1838. He is dealt with 
in the "House of Gordon" (ii., 323). 

William Christian Gordon, St Elizabeth's parish, 
guardian of John James Gordon, St Helena, got 
£54 compensation for three slaves, April 4, 1836. 
A counter claim by Thomas Dougan, legatee, for 
£409 was withdrawn (T.71, 1551, claim 215). 

William Christian Gordon and his wife, Jane, got 
£25 19s 6d for slaves, owned by the wife at St 
Helena (T.71, 1551, claim 215). 
MONTSERRAT. 

This is a very small island, only 33 square miles. 
It was discovered by Columbus in 1493, and settled 
by the British in 1632. It was French in 1664-8, 
and 1782-4, but has since been ours. The following 
Gordons were there (though there were more for 
the slave commissioners to deal with) : — 

Alexander Gordon was appointed to the Council 
of Montserrat, Dec. 13, 1765, in place of Edward 
Darell, who had left the island (Oliver's "Antigua," 
i., 185: Privy Council Register of England, under 
the date Feb. 10, 1766). Alexander Gordon, Col- 
lector, Montserrat, was stated by President White, 
April 27, 1778, to be going to England. The Pre- 
sident recommends Anthony Hodges in his place 
(Oliver's "Antigua," ii., 81). 

John Gordon, Montserrat, asked Sir John Gordon, 
of Invergordon, Nov., 1758, to get him the Collector- 
ship of the island. He was a grandson of George 
Gordon of Culmaly. In case the collectorship 
would not be got, he wanted Sir John to solicit for 
him the collectorship of Mariogalante. Sir John 
promised to speak to the Duke of Newcastle about 
it (MS. : Pocket Book of Sir John Gordon : now in 
the possession of Andrew Ross, Ross Herald, 
Edinburgh: pp. 462, 463). 

NEVIS. 

Nevis has only 50 square miles. It was dis- 
covered by Columbus, and colonised by the British 
in 1628. It was taken by the French in 1782, but 
restored to England in 1783. 

39 



Ann Gordon, parish of St Thomas, Lowland, got 
£119 13s 4d compensation for eight slaves, Feb. 15, 
1836 (T.71, 1563, claim 142). 

James Gordon was made Collector at Nevis, Aug. 
20, 1733 ("Customs Book," P.R.O., xiii., p. 397). On 
July 4, 1739, the Court of Errors affirmed a judg- 
ment of the Court of King's Bench and Common 
Pleas in an action of scandal and defamation 
brought against John Woodley, merchant, Nevis, 
by James Gordon and William Wells of Nevis, 
merchants, for words spoken by him in order to 
deprive the plaintiffs of their reputation, business, 
and livelihood in the way of consignment of negroes, 
and to deter and hinder His Majesty's subjects 
from consigning any negroes to and have dealings 
with them. John Woodley appealed against this 
to the Committee of the Privy Council, which 
dismissed his appeal, May 7, 1741 ("Acts of the 
Privy Council,'' Colonial, vol. iii., No. 505). Gordon 
got leave, Feb. 17, 1743 ("Customs Book," P.R.O., 
xv., p. 184). 

ST CHRISTOPHER OR ST KITTS. 

This island contains only 65 square miles. It 
was discovered by Columbus in 1483, and colonised 
both by the British and French, but was finally 
ceded to Britain in 1713. 

James Gordon, Knockespock, bought the Muddy 
Pond estate in parcels in 1737, 1738, and 1742. 
There were no slaves on it. Up to 1820 it pro- 
duced £90 rent, but "nothing since." Mr Gordon 
also owned 11,932 square feet in Basseterre (Oliver's 
"Antigua," ii., 27). 

ST. CROIX. 

This little island was purchased from the French 
by Christian VI. of Denmark in 1733. It was taken 
by Sir Alexander Cochrane, Dec. 22, 1807, but 
restored in 1814. 

Dr John Gordon, St Croix, is commemorated by 
a tomb in Bath Abbey, bearing the inscription, "Dr 
John Gordon, M.D., of the island of St Croix, 
West Indies, [died J January 30, 1707, aged 53" : 
with the motto, "Vel Pax, vel Bellum." He seems 
to be the "John Gordon, M.D., Physician to the 
King of Denmark for the Danish East [sic] Indies," 
who died at Bath, Feb. 16, 1807 ("Scots Mag."). 
Lady Commerell informed me, Aug. 4, 1911, that 
Dr Gordon had a brother Cosmo, a son of George, 
who died unmarried, and two daughters, Elizabeth 
(who married William Stedman), and one who 
married M'Caul. On the other hand, Mrs S. 

40 



S. Fischer, Thetford, Berkhamsted, told Miss L. S. 
Lumsden, Aberdeen, May 23, 1910, that Dr Gor- 
don's sisters (not daughters) were Mrs M'Caul of 
Craigbank and Mrs Stedman. "His wife was 

Sarah , daughter of an Aberdeenshire family, 

and his only son was George, captain in the 42nd 
(Black Watch), who survived the battle of Toulouse. 
. . . Dr Gordon was an Aberdeenshire laird. . . . 
he was of the house of Lesmoir. My greatgrand- 
father did not own "Gordon Rock," St Croix. This 
was the property of his daughter, Mrs Buttelle, 
my grandmother. Dr Gordon was my father's 
grandfather." That there was some such relation- 
ship is seen by the fact that Cosmo Gordon, for- 
merly of St Croix, was represented in a claim on 
an estate in Trinidad (q. v.) by John Gordon 
M'Caul and William Stedman of St Cruix (T.71, 
1575, claim 1662). Lady Commerell states that 
"old Mr John Gordon of Mount Bio, near Dum- 
barton, was cousin of the father of Mrs Stedman 
and Mrs M'Caul and guardian of the latter." 

John Gordon, Coyne Valley, died at St Croix, 
July 22, 1824, in his 83rd year ("Scots Magazine," 
vol. 15, N.S., p. 767). 

Dr William Gordon, physician, St Croix, had a 
son, George, who was made a burgess of Banff, 
1767 (Cramond's "Annals of Banff," ii., 424). 

ST LUCIA. 

This island contains 233 square miles. It was 
first settled by the British in 1639, but they were 
expelled by the natives. It was settled by the 
French in 1650, but was taken by the British in 
several subsequent wars. It was siezed by Britain 
in 1802, and confirmed to her, 1814: 

Daniel Glasford Gordon was an attorney at 
Castries parish, Gros Ilet, St Lucia, in 1821 (T.71, 
1564, claim 49). As administrator of Lucien Rameau 
he claimed for twelve slaves, at Palma, in 1836 
(Ibid., claim 60). 

Robert Cruden Gordon, parish of Castries, got 
£176 9s 5d compensation for five slaves, Dec. 21, 
1835 (T.71, 1564, claim 284). As administrator of 
the succession of the late Dr de la Busquiere, he 
claimed £9441 for 142 slaves on Mons. Durand Ve. 
Finturier's estate of Beansejour, a quarter of 
Soufriere, 1836 (Ibid., claim 495). Gordon also 
claimed on a notarial bond, dated 10th June, 1830, 
for three slaves belonging to Veuve Bernard Pari- 
gan, L'Esperance, Soufriere (Ibid., claim 523). 

41 



ST VINCENT. 

This island contains 140 square miles. It was 
long considered a neutral island, but at the peace 
of 1763 France agreed that the right to it be vested 
in Great Britain. We engaged in a war against 
the Caribs, who had to consent to a peace, by 
whioh they ceded a large tract of land to the 
British Crown. In 1779 the Caribs greatly contri- 
buted to the reduction of the island by the French, 
who restored it to us in 1783. In 1795 the French 
again instigated the Caribs to revolt, and the 
rising took several months to subdue. 

Catherine Gordon, Kingstown, had one slave on 
Oct. 14, 1817 (T.71, p. 616). 

Elizabeth Gordon, owner in fee, Calliaqua, got 
£58 15s compensation for two slaves, Feb. 12, 1836 
(T.71, 1573, claim 523). 

Harriet Gordon, Bow Wood, got £163 19s 3d 
compensation for five slaves, Feb. 22, 1836 (T.71, 
1573, claim 596). 

James Adam Gordon [of Knockespock], owner in 
fee, Fair Hall, St George's, had 248 slaves. He 
withdrew his claim, Aug. 28, 1835, in favour of 
Sir William Abdy, bart., Sir Thomas Fellowes, kt., 
Rev. George Caldwell, clerk, and James Adam 
Gordon. On Feb. 22, 1836, compensation to the 
amount of £6438 13s 7d was awarded to the counter 
claimants (T.71, 1573, claim 549). 

Jane, otherwise Jeanette Gordon, Mary Gordon, 
and Lucinda Gordon, of Rousseau, Dominica, as 
annuitant under the will of Anthony Gordon ; and 
Harriet Gordon Hill, and John Hill, as guardians 
of Henrietta J. Hill by the will of Robert Gordon, 
entered, in 1835, a counter claim to that of John, 
Robert, and Gordon Thomson, who had claimed 
for 79 slaves on the Spring estate. Henrietta 
Gordon Hill had an annuity of £50 under the will 
of Robert Gordon (T.71, 1573, claim 645). Hen- 
rietta Gordon Hill, Kingstown, St Vincent, got 
£71 2s for two slaves, Feb. 8, 1837 (Ibid., claim 
351). 

TOBAGO. 

This island contains 114 square miles. The pre- 
sent Gordons of Newton, originally a Portsoy 
family, made a fortune there, and the Gordons of 
Cluny were largely interested in the plantations. 
Among other Gordons on the island was 

Judge Gordon, who with five males slaves and 
one female, appears in a census of 1753 (Oliver's 
"Antigua," vol. i., p. cxiii.). 

42 



TORTOLA. 

This is one of the Virgin Islands. It was settled 
by Dutch buccaneers about 1648. They were ex- 
pelled in 1666 by the British, who have since held 
it. Small though Tortola is, there were several 
Gordons there : — 

Joseph G. Gordon. — William Pickering, Tortola, 
as trustee for the estate of Reef Island, under the 
will of Joseph G. Gordon and Ellen, his wife, got 
£156 14s compensation for 11 slaves, Oct. 24, 1836 
(T.71, 1564, claim 49). 

Daniel Hubbard Outerbridge Gordon was ap- 
pointed Treasurer of the Virgin Islands, March 7, 
1844 ("Gentleman's Magazine," vol. 21, New Series, 
p. 415). He was appointed Chief Justice of the 
Virgin Islands, June 27, 1846. He was the son of 
William Gordon, Tortola (Ibid., vol. 26, New Series, 
p. 193). 

Eleanor Eliza Gordon, St George, Tortola, owner 
in fee, claimed for six slaves ; but £85 15s was paid, 
Oot. 24, 1836, to the counter claimants, William 
George Cribb and William Rogers Isaacs, as as- 
signees in priority of compensation, towards the 
payment of £219 10s due on a bond of assignation, 
dated April 25, 1835 (T.71, 1564, claim 206). William 
Rogers Isaacs himself got £289 compensation for 
20 slaves at Road Town (Ibid., claim 41). Miss 
Eleanor Eliza Gordon, formerly of Tortola, "but 
now supposed to be married and living somewhere 
in Scotland," was requested to communicate with 
Thomas and Roberts, solicitors, Worcester ("Times," 
Nov. 5, 1849). 

Francis Cavalie Gordon. — Henry James Dyer, St 
George's, Tortola, as surviving trustee of Sarah 
Williams Gordon, for the issue of Francis Cavalie 
Gordon and Sarah, his wife, was awarded £72 10s 
9d compensation for six slaves, Oct. 24, 1836 (T.71, 
1564, claim 69). 

William Gordon, St George's, Tortola, had seven 
slaves. A counter claim was entered by Elizabeth 
Simpson, of No. 1 Abbey Place, Regent's Park, 
London, who claimed under the will of her father, 
Isaac Pickering (which was dated June 16, 1802), 
one slave in the possession of William Gordon. On 
Dec. 13, 1836, it was stated that William Gordon 
was dead, and that his son, Daniel Hubbard Outer- 
bridge Gordon, had administered his estate. Daniel 
got compensation to the extent of £100 13s Id, 
Nov. 21, 1836 (T.71, 1564, claim 1). Daniel also got 
£39 15s 9d on Oct. 24, 1836, for thr^e slaves on 
43 



behalf of the late Martha Harris King, St George, 
Tortola (Ibid., claim 54). 

TRINIDAD. 

Next to Jamaica, Trinidad is the largest British 
island in the West Indies, covering an area of 1754 
square miles. It was discovered by Columbus in 
1498. It was taken from the Spaniards by Sir 
Walter Raleigh in 1595, and by the French from 
the British in 1676. It capitulated to Sir Ralph 
Abercromby in 1797, and our possession of it was 
confirmed by the Peace of Amiens, 1802. One of 
the leading men on the island at this moment is 
Mr William Gordon Gordon. 

Cosmo Gordon, formerly of St Croix ; John 
Gordon M'Caul ; and William Stedman of St Croix, 
as the executors of Cosmo Gordon, formerly of St 
Croix, put in a counter claim (17th Sept., 1835) on 
the claim of Robert Montgomerie and G. G. Mac- 
dougal, Devilla estate, Savonetta, Trinidad, who 
had 160 slaves, on the ground that they were 
mortgagees by deed dated 6th May, 1825, claiming 
for £7096 with further interest on £5852 from April 
28, 1825. There was also a counter claim by Ann 
Macdougal, wife of William Pearman, devisee under 
the will of George Gordon, for £2274 (T.71, 1575, 
claim 1662). See John, St Croix. 

Fanchionette Gordon, of San Fernanda, guardian 
of Mary Banks, North Naparinna, got £154 17s 5d 
compensation for four slaves, March 28, 1855 (T.71, 
1575, claim 1710). As owner in fee at North 
Naparinna, she hereby got £128 0s 2d for two 
slaves (Ibid., xi., claim 1733). 

Thomas Gordon, Port of Spain, had two slaves, 
for whom his guardian, Eliza Kennedy Wilson, 
claimed. She was appointed his guardian by the 
Court, July 11, 1836. She had two slaves of her 
own, for whom she got £44 7s 4d compensation, 
Feb. 29, 1836 (T.71, 1574, claim 508). It was stated, 
Oct. 5, 1836, that the two slaves in claim 508 were 
the issue of a slave condemned, and were regis- 
tered as the property of Thomas Gordon (Ibid., 
claim 509). 

William Gordon Gordon was born at Portpatrick 
in 1848, and educated at Musselburgh and Durham 
Grammar School. He entered the office of An- 
thony Cumming & Co., Trinidad. In 1872 he 
begean business on his own account with Campbell 
Hannah, and is now head of the firm of Gordon, 
Grant & Co. He was made President of the Legis- 
lative Council in 1888. He owns large cocoa, cocoa 

44 



hut, and sugar properties, and has large interests 
in Venezuela ("Sphere," Feb., 1903). He married 
in 1872, Gertrude Maude, youngest daughter of the 
Hon. John Scott Bushe, C.M.G., Colonial Secretary 
of Trinidad. She died suddenly of heart failure 
at Knowsley, Port of Spain, 1913. Their only 
daughter, Alice Maude Mary, married at All Saints, 
Port of Spain, January 21, 1905, Reginald Edmund 
Harriss, late of the Lancashire Fusiliers. Mr 
Gordon married secondly, Oct. 9, 1913, at St Mary 
Abbots, Kingston, Mary Jeannie, widow of George 
F. Bushe, Trinidad, and elder daughter of Sir 
David Wilson, K.C.M.G. ("Times," Oct. 11). 



CONVICTS FOR THE COLONIES. 

Something has been said in these articles about 
the deporting of convicts to the Colonies. The 
subject is peculiarly topical, for a long chapter 
(pp. 97-170) is devoted to Banishment in Mr George 
Ives's scholarly new book, "A History of Penal 
Methods : Criminals, Witches, Lunatics," issued 
last week by Stanley Paul, London. Some 
industrious soul will yet go over the file of the 
"Aberdeen Journal" and pick out the cases. Mean- 
time, let me cite a few. 

1765, June 3. — William Gordon, an old soldier, 
was sentenced at the Aberdeen Circuit Court to 
banishment for life in the plantations for theft in 
the previous May ("Aberdeen Journal"). 

1785, Oct. 2. — Janet Gordon, from Cairnie, or 
Mills of Cullithy, was sentenced at the Inverness 
Circuit Court to transportation for housebreaking 
("Aberdeen Journal"). 

1789, Jany. 28. — Mary Gordon, from Dundee, was 
sentenced at Aberdeen to be banished from the 
country for the theft of a clock ("Aberdeen 
Journal"). 

1730. — Jane Gordon at Shields, apparently a 
Scotswoman, was sentenced to transportation. She 
appealed to Lord Selkirk in a petition now pre- 
served at the Public Record Office, London (S.P. 
Dom. Entry Books, vol. 257, p. 55) : — "Your Lord- 
ship's petitioner has been notoriously abused by 
one Richard Hinds, who came into your petitioner's 
shop and asked for a dram, and was answered by 
her she had none. Upon which, the said Hinds 
swore and curs'd, and called your petitioner several 
ill names, and would not go away till he had a 
dram. Upon which, your petitioner, seeing him so 
obstinate, gave him a dram of such as she had, 
45 



which they call 'Parliamentary brandy,' and which 
she kept in her house on purpose to oblige her 
friends and customers that come to lay out money 
with her, she and her husband then living in very 
good credit and endeavouring in an honest way 
to get a livelihood by selling bread, butter, cheese, 
fish, etc. It can be proved that your petitioner 
had paid to some bread bakers at Newcastle £20 
a year for rye bread, to others £10, to some £12, 
and £15, and never wronged any body in her life. 

"May it please your lordship the reason of your 
petitioner's distressing her self in this way is that 
after the said Hinds had drunk the dram he asked 
for, he pulled a piece of paper out of his pocket, 
and threw it down on the table and said : — 'You 
bitch, there is two lines will send you to Morpeth 
gaol.' 

"Your petitioner, may it please your honour, 
surprised at these words, snatched the paper off 
the table, and held it in her hand till her husband 
and neighbours came in, the 6aid Hinds having 
her then by the throat, and if she had not had 
timely assistance [she] might have been strungled. 

"Your petitioner then showed the paper to her 
husband and friends, which, when opened, had not 
so much as one word or letter writ in it, nor the 
least individual thing wrapped therein. 

"The said Hinds, may it please your lordship, 
went immediately to a Justice of the Peace, and 
swore your petitioner had robbed him of two 
guineas, which he said was wrapped up in that 
paper mentioned above, tho' there was sufficient 
witnesses to prove the contrary. Yet, notwith- 
standing, your petitioner was obliged to answer at 
the Assizes at Newcastle, where she went without 
acquainting any of her friends with it, and was 
ordered for transportation without being examined 
or speaking so much as one word for her self. 

"Your petitioner hopes your lordship will con- 
sider the hardships she lies under on account of 
this false accusation, which is purely out of spight, 
btcause the said Hinds was indebted to your peti- 
tioner, and a master of a ship was obliged to pay 
the debt for him for the sake of having him to go 
a voyage at sea with him; after which he was 
often heard to threaten your petitioner's destruc- 
tion. 

"Your petitiontr, therefore humbly begs that 

your lordship, of your abundant goodness, would 

be pleased to lend your helping hand to the kind 

assistance of a poor unfortunate wretch, who is 

46 



now plunged in the depths of misery, and cannot 
escape her impending fate, unless your lordship 
interposes and prevail with Majesty for a royal 
pardon." 

While on the question of transportation, one may 
note that the penitentiary for women at Botany 
Bay is described in Mr Tighe Hopkins's new book, 
"The Romance of Fraud" (1914: pp. 109-110). The 
"Factory," as it was called, "an agreeable retreat," 
was under the charge of a Mrs Gordon. Three 
classes of women were admitted — (1) Those who had 
not been assigned as servants, on arrival in the 
Colony ; (2) those whose masters had returned them 
upon the hands of the Government; and (3) those 
who, having fulfilled their terms, were biding some 
blest reversal of fortune. Mrs Gordon had two 
daughters, who were regarded as not the most 
perfect examples of virtue to the numerous females 
under her charge. Mrs Gordon's "lambs" were 
petted. They were never put to work ; and every 
girl might be the architect of her own fortune. 
The "Factory" was at once a moderately grateful 
asylum, show place, and a matrimonial agency. 
"It may have been several other things, and was 
presumably not the most reputable institution in 
the Colony. A child born there was baptised in 
the name of the Governor of the Colony. Mrs 
Gordon, one may conjecture, retired on a com- 
petency." Mr Tighe Hopkins tells me he has 
forgotten where he discovered about Mrs Gordon. 
Perhaps some of your readers may know. 



[THE END.]